What is replacing Flash Player in 2020?

What is replacing Flash Player in 2020? : Adobe Flash was once used to create ads , games, and even entire websites . However, technology has advanced, and on December 31, 2020, Adobe will officially stop supporting Flash. Interactive HTML5 content will quickly take its place.

Read Detail Answer On What is replacing Flash Player in 2020?

Since the end of 2020 Adobe Flash Player has stopped its support of playing flash content on its platform. Therefore a need for a replacement for this software arises. Many users have lately searched for what can I use instead of Adobe flash player and what is the best flash player alternative for chrome. Therefore, to know about the Best Adobe Flash Player alternatives in 2022 read the article till the end.

Users can view various types of flash content, such as videos, audio, multimedia, flash games, and RIAs (Rich Internet Applications), with the aid of Adobe Flash Player, a piece of software. There is a high demand for dependable alternatives to the Adobe Flash Player due to the software’s end of support. There are many online alternatives to Flash Player. Read on to learn what you can use in place of Flash Player if you arrived here looking for a solution.

This blog contains a comprehensive list of the top flashplayer alternatives for running flash content in the year 2022. All the software mentioned here are very beneficial for the user while viewing and interacting with the SWF (Shockwave Flash File). One can find a combination of both free and paid software here.

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The following list includes the 13 best Adobe Flash Player alternatives for streaming audio and video. One can find a variety of different software for the same purpose. So without any further ado read the complete section to find what to use instead of adobe flash player. Every software mentioned here is good at one or another feature, you need to choose a software that fulfils the purpose of your usage.

1. Shubus Viewer

Image Credit: Softonic

First on our list of best flash player alternatives is Shubus Viewer This alternative to flash player for Windows 10 is a light-weighted utility software This software is helpful in viewing almost every type of flash content This includes HTML pages, photos, videos, animations and many more

Not only can an SWF file be viewed, but it can also be edited. This software also supports DCR and Unity3D files. Because it supports every file type and makes it incredibly simple to view and edit them, this software is rated as the best Adobe Flash Player replacement.

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Also Read: 10 Best Dreamcast Emulator for Windows 10, 8, 7

2. SuperNova Player

Moving on in our list of best flashplayer replacements SuperNova Player is a standard software for playing SWF files on your computer. With the help of this flash player Chrome alternative, you can play your favorite games and other content on your preferred web destinations. A standalone player is used by SuperNova Player to launch the SWF files on browsers.

The performance of this software is consistent and can be used online at any desired location. While using it on the Google Chrome browser, one can also find an extension for this program. SuperNova Player is on our list of the top Adobe Flash Player alternatives for 2022 as a result of all the benefits the user receives when using it.

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3. CheerpX for Flash

If you are searching for the best free alternatives to Adobe Flash Player then CheerpX could be a great option for you. CheerpX for Flash offers 100% compatibility to the user while running flash content. This software is best for HTML5 files, users can view and edit the content hand in hand.

All of the popular web browsers that are accessible online can be used with CheerpXfor Flash. This software keeps all user information safe and secure, and no outside party is able to access the users’ private information.

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Also Read:9 Best Xbox Emulators For Windows PC

4. BlueMaxima’s Flashpoint

BlueMaximas Flashpoint is the next option on our list of the top Adobe Flash Player alternatives for Chrome and other browsers. It is a special type of flash player with extra tools for archiving and storing online flash games. This feature of the BlueMaximas Flashpoint makes sure that the data stored there is safe and secure for a long time.

BlueMaxima’s Flashpoint was launched in 2018 and is an open-source project that can be accessed by all users. The software iscompatible with all types of web-based media that makes it easy for the user while working on BlueMaxima’s Flashpoint.

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5. Ruffle

The next software on our list for adobe flash replacements is Ruffle possesses thecapabilities to serve as an excellent alternative to Adobe Flash Player for Windows, Mac, and Linux As the software is available for all major operating systems it becomes easy for the users to use this application Also, the software works perfectly on the browsers like Google Chrome and Microsoft Edge

It’s important to note that Ruffle is a flash player emulator for Adobe flash file formats and is not technically a flash player. Due to its use of the Rust programming language and the fact that it has both a web and desktop client, the program is still regarded as the best Adobe Flash Player replacement in 2022.

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Also Read: 12 Best Nintendo DS Emulator for Windows and Mac

6.Gnash

Gnash is the next option on our list of the top Adobe Flash Player replacements. It focuses on strong media for flash multimedia files and is a GNU Flash movie player. The creators of this software have expanded its scope to include the use of audio and video content.

Gnash operates without interruption on computers running all popular operating systems. Some of the popular web browsers, such as Microsoft Edge, allow users to add plugins for the software.

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7. Lightspark

For Chrome, Firefox, and other contemporary web browsers, Lightspark is yet another top Adobe Flash Player substitute. Released under the terms of the LGPL (GNU Lesser General Public License), version 3, is this open-source and totally free replacement for Adobe Flash Player.

The most widely used operating systems, Windows and Linux, are perfectly compatible with Lightspark, making it simple for users to access this free software. This software’s plugin is available for all popular web browsers and was created in the C and C programming languages.

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Also Read:13 Best Free SNES Emulators for PC, Mac, and Android

8. Photon Flash Player and Browser

Another well-liked substitute for Adobe Flash Player for Windows PC and Android smartphone users is Photon Flash Player and Browser. Online videos can be streamed using the Photon Flash Player and Browser, which also support built-in plugins.

Appsverse is the company that made this program. Inc., users can use this software to run any kind of flash content across all platforms via a web browser. The software is readily usable on a mobile phone because it is also compatible with the Android operating system.

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9. FlashFox – Flash browser

Our list of the best Adobe Flash Player alternatives for Chrome and other popular web browsers is followed by the FlashFox Flash browser. Due to its outstanding compatibility with both Windows and Mac operating systems, the software also makes an ideal replacement for Adobe Flash Player for PC. With this software, it’s simple to run any type of flash content flawlessly.

The user has access to all the features of a web browser, including recent tabs, bookmarks, past history, and many more, in the FlashFox Flash browser. The software comes with a built-in flash player that enables users to run various types of flash content over it.

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10. QuickFlash Player

Our list of the top Adobe Flash alternatives in 2022 continues with Quick Flash Player. The free software that replaces Flash Player is accessible to all users, works with all the main operating systems, and is simple to use.

One of the main reasons this program is regarded as one of the best Adobe Flash Player alternatives is its ability to run all types of flash content. The software’s user interface is extremely intuitive, making it simple for users to use and comprehend.

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Also Read: 21 Best Safe ROM Sites To Download ROMs

11. SWF File Player

SWF File Player is yet another excellent free alternative to Adobe FlashPlayer. It can quickly and easily open SWF (Shockwave Flash) files and then read the metadata tags from the file’s header. Additionally, this program can automatically change or resize the program window to fit the SWF content.

o t i .

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12. OpenSilver

A top Adobe Flash Player substitute is OpenSilver. It is contemporary, open-source software that does not require plugins. This open-source program runs smoothly across a wide range of web browsers thanks to WebAssembly and Microsoft Blazor. A sophisticated C. The user can easily obtain everything needed to run SWF files on a Windows PC through the use of the Internet, and XAML.

OpenSilver is without a doubt the best and highly advised substitute for Adobe Flash Player. Any Windows OS version can run the program when it is installed using Visual Studio 2019 16. at least 8

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13. Lunaspace

Last but not least in our list of best flash player alternatives is Lunaspace It can be used within the browser without needing a flash player in order to run flash content on Web It has more than 20 million users around the world across different platforms Android, iPhone, and macOS

Users can play flash videos online thanks to a specialized application that is readily available. However, compared to other Adobe Flash Player replacement tools, it only offers a small number of features.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Flash Player Alternatives

Q1. What isreplacing Flash Player in 2022?

HTML5 can be a great replacement for Flash Player in 2022 as it offers both the features of playing video and audio within web pages easily. As compared to Flash Player, HTML 5 is lightweight and faster.

Q2. What can I use instead of Flash Player for Chrome?

Instead of using Flash Player in Chrome and other web browsers, you can use Flash Emulator and markup languages. Ruffle is one of the best Flash emulators that you can try.

Q3. Whatis the best alternative to Adobe Flash Player?

Shubus Viewer and SuperNova Player are the best free alternatives to Adobe Flash Player. Both the software are capable of running any kind of flash content and SWF files on browsers or across platforms.

Q4. Is it safe to use Adobe Flash Player alternatives?

Yes, Flash Player alternatives are safe to use. However, it is recommended to use Flash only when required as they can carry issues when kept for a long time.

Q5. What to use instead of flash player?

There are plenty of alternative to Adobe flash player. However, to decrease your research time to make the perfect choice we have listed the best 13 alternative for adobe flash player. Go through the list and pick the perfect option that matches your requirements.

Final Words: Best Adobe Flash Player Alternatives 2022

Above we have shared a well-researched list of the best FlashPlayer alternatives in 2022. We hope the above article helped you find what replaces adobe flash player in the coming time. All the software mentioned above in this blog post are very useful and effective. These software helps you in running all types of flash content over the internet.

There are numerous other alternatives to Adobe Flash Player for Windows available, but only the best ones have been chosen and mentioned in this blog post. I sincerely hope that one way or another these programs will assist you.


Will Flash Player still work after 2020? : The new versions of the majority of Web browsers won’t support Flash anymore by the end of 2020. A plug-in for Flash Player will no longer be supported after 12/31/2020, according to the major browser manufacturers (Google, Microsoft, Mozilla, and Apple).
Can you still use Flash Player? : On December 31, 2020, Adobe will end support for Flash Player. Flash support was also removed from all major browsers, either simultaneously or in early 2021. Other websites that provide Flash-based content, such as games and animations, are forced to remove them as well because Flash support is ending.
Read Detail Answer On Can you still use Flash Player?

Currently, no major web browsers support Adobe Flash Player.

This includes Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Microsoft Edge.

A few less popular browsers, like Opera, Puffin, FlashFox, Dolphin, and Kiwi, do still support Flash.

All of these browsers come with Flash Player built into the browser package and continue to support the End of Life, or EOL, Adobe Flash Player.

What Is Flash?

A piece of software called Adobe Flash Player, also known as Flash, enables the viewing of multimedia content on the internet.

Flash was available as a browser plug-in which made integration of the software simple for end-users

Although Flash’s performance on the mobile platform was subpar, mobile devices did support it.

A content creator could use different scripting languages and data formats to create content in Flash, save it as an SWF file, and then display it to the end user using the Flash Player.

Flash Player was a pioneer in multimedia streaming and viewing for years before its demise.

Why Was Flash Discontinued?

For web developers at the time, Adobe Flash Player was a highly innovative and practical tool.

However, it quickly became evident that Flash suffered from a couple of significant problems

Flash initially did not adapt well to the mobile platform.

Apple made an attempt to include the Flash Player in the iPhone’s operating system while it was being developed.

The two systems, however, were unable to work together efficiently even when using the Flash Lite platform.

The iPhone processors did not handle Flash well, and it consumed too much battery life to operate.

These problems led Apple to decide against including Flash in the iPhone, which did a lot of damage to Flash’s reputation.

In 2010, Steve Jobs even published a paper called “Thoughts on Flash” which detailed his reasons for not utilizing Flash for the iPhone.

Flash’s status as a proprietary product rather than an open-source code was a significant deterrent.

When something is open source, it means that anyone can use or alter its source code.

Open-source code encourages collaboration among developers.

Adobe Flash was owned solely by Adobe.

As a result, it became more difficult for Flash and programs that work with it to develop further because everyone who wanted to use it had to go through Adobe and adhere to its rules.

The weakness in Flash’s security was arguably its biggest flaw.

Flash was an easy access point for malicious users.

Flash was even named as the leading cause of Mac device crashes, which resulted in its complete removal from Mac products in 2011.

Additionally, Flash was a well-known Trojan horse for malicious software.

A pop-up would appear when visitors tried to watch a video on a website, urging them to download Flash Player in order to view the content.

This was frequently a front to allow malware to be downloaded and installed on the user’s computer.

Intego, OceanLotus, InstallCore, SilverInstaller, and MacDownloader all used Flash as their entryway into a user’s device.

Is Flash Ever Coming Back?

No, Adobe has no plans to bring the Flash Player back.

Abodes website states that it retired Flash on December 31, 2020

It still claims that it won’t continue to add Flash security updates.

Additionally, Adobe stopped allowing Flash content to run on the Flash Player and removed the Flash download from its website.

In addition, Adobe has gone so far as to advise against keeping Flash installed on any gadgets.

Adobe has thrown in the towel on Flash and has no intention of resurrecting it.

What Replaced Flash?

As the use of Flash began to dwindle, HTML5 began to be the dominant platform forrendering and playing multimedia content

By providing tags that the developer could use to embed content in the webpage, HTML5 allowed web developers to avoid using third parties for the rendering of videos and multimedia content.

Without a separate browser plug-in, the browser would be able to read these tags and display the content.

HTML5 alone could notreplace Flash, however.

Interactivity is not supported by HTML5, which is a markup language.

HTML is combined with Javascript and CSS to create interactivity.

While this may seem more difficult than using a single platform for both rendering and interactivity, the fact that HTML5, Javascript, and CSS are all open-source makes the process simpler and more adept for development.

How Do You Remove Flash?

There are two methods for removing Flash from a device, either manually or with the Flash Uninstaller.

Manually

  • The first step in uninstalling Flash is to close all browser windows that are open on your device. Flash runs in the Browser, and it cannot be removedif the browser is in use.
  • Next, type Control Panel in the search bar in the bottom right-hand corner of the screen. When the Control Panel appears, click on it to open it.
  • The Control Panel gives you access to your system’s settings. Under Program, click on Uninstall a program. This will open the Uninstall or change program window.
  • Find Adobe Flash Player in the list of installed programs and right-click on it. A pop-upbox will appear with Uninstall/Change. Click on it.
  • You may be prompted by the User Account Control to verify that you want the make changes to the program. Click Yes.
  • Another pop-up will appear verifying that you wish to uninstall Flash and all of its related files. Click Yes. Flash will be uninstalled. As with any uninstallation, it is recommended that you restart the device after the uninstallation process is complete.
  • Flash Uninstaller

  • To use the Flash Uninstaller, visit the Adobe website and search for Uninstall Flash Player.
  • Download the uninstaller via the provided link.
  • Locate the uninstaller in your file folders. It will most likely be located in the Downloads folder. You can also use File Explorer and manually search for the file. It will be titled uninstall_flash_player.
  • Once the file hasbeen located, double-click the file to launch the uninstaller software. If the UAC verification window appears, click Yes to continue.
  • The Flash Uninstaller pop-up will appear. Click Uninstall to begin the uninstall process.
  • When the uninstallation is complete, click Done to complete the process.
  • Restart your device.
  • Once you have deleted the primary Flash file using either of the methods detailed above, youneed to ensure that all other files related to Flash stored on your computer are deleted as well.

  • Type File Explorer into the Windows search bar in the bottom right corner of the window. The File Explorer application will appear.
  • In File Explorer, type C:\Windows\system32\Macromed\Flash if you are running the 32-bit version or C:\Windows\SysWOW64\Macromed\Flash if you are running the 64-bit version into the address bar. Theaddress bar is the bar located at the top of the page next to the search bar. Press enter.
  • When the Flash file is displayed, select all the files displayed and right-click to reveal an options pop-up menu. Find and click on Delete. If a UAC warning appears verifying that you wish to delete the files, click Yes.
  • Once this is done, close out of File Explorer.
  • In the Windows search bar, type in Run. When Run is displayed,click on it to open. Run will appear as a small pop-up box.
  • Once in Run, type %appdata%\Adobe\Flash Player in the command box and press Ok.
  • Once the files are displayed, select all of them and right-click to open the options box. Click on Delete. If the UAC verification pop-up appears, click Yes.
  • Close the file.
  • Back in the Run box, type in %appdata%\Macromedia\Flash Player andpress Ok. Follow the previous two steps to delete these files as well.
  • The last thing to do is to restart your device to complete the uninstallation process.
  • Can You Still Use Flash?

    Although it is not advised to use Flash without taking the necessary security measures, you can still use it.

    In case the Flash Player causes problems with your device, be sure to keep a recent backup of your system.

    Flash files can be played by all of the browsers mentioned at the start of this article.

    On browsers that no longer support Flash, you can also turn on Flash Player.

    When a browser is no longer supported, it does not necessarily mean that it cannot be used, but it does mean that any flaws or issues with the unsupportedsoftware will not be addressed by the browser.

    How Do You Enable Flash On Unsupported Browsers?

    Most browsers automatically block Flash for security reasons.

    However, you can enable Flash manually in the web browser.

    Google Chrome

  • Open Google Chrome and navigate to the website you wish to use Flash on.
  • Depending on the specific website, locate either the informationicon (an “i” with a circle around it) or the lock icon to the right of the website address. Click on the corresponding icon.
  • A pop-up box will appear. Click on Site Settings to open the website setting menu.
  • The website settings menu will appear. Find Flash in the list and select Allow in the choice box next to it.
  • Close the window and hit the refresh button to activate the changes.
  • Microsoft Edge

  • Open the Microsoft Edge browser and navigate to the website you wish to enable Flash on.
  • Select the information icon or the lock icon located to the right of the address bar. Click on the icon.
  • A dropdown menu will appear with information related to the website. Click on Allow Adobe Flash.
  • Once you have clicked on Allow Adobe Flash, ensure that the green slider is activated underneath Website Permissions.
  • Refresh the website.
  • MozillaFirefox

  • Open Mozilla Firefox and navigate to the website you wish to use Flash on.
  • In the address bar, a new add-on icon will appear. (The new add-on icon resembles a file folder with a blue dot at the top.) Click on the icon.
  • A pop-up box will appear asking if you would like to allow Adobe Flash Player to run in the browser. You will have the choice to Remember this decision. If you would like for Firefox to remember this permission, clickthe checkbox next to Remember this decision and then click Allow.
  • Refresh the page.
  • Apple Safari

  • Open Safari and navigate to the website you wish to use Flash on.
  • In the menu bar at the top of the window, select Safari. A dropdown box will appear.
  • In the dropdown box, click on Preferences. This will open the Safari preferences.
  • At the top of the window, click onWebsites.
  • In the left-hand box, look for Plug-ins located underneath General. Find Abode Flash Player.
  • Check the box next to Adobe Flash Player to allow Flash to run in Safari.
  • Once Flash Player is activated, a list of websites will appear. Find the website you are trying to use Flash on. In the drop-down menu next to the website, click On.
  • Close the Safari website preferences page.
  • Refresh the website.
  • AreFlash Games Gone Forever?

    Technically, Flash games are gone.

    They are no longer released or supported.

    However, all is not lost.

    You can still play Flash games using emulators and other methods.

    • Flashpoint: Flashpoint was developed by BlueMaxima in 2018 in response to the announcement of the ending of Flash to preserve Flash-based games. It is now an international non-profit that aims to develop, maintain, and publish free software that archives and saves video gamesand other multimedia content that is at risk of becoming lost or inoperable. Flashpoint comes in two varieties: Flashpoint Ultimate and Flashpoint Infinity. Flashpoint Ultimate is a master download containing all of the content in Flashpoint’s repository, including an estimated 90,000 games and animations. This massive amount of content equals an equally massive amount of needed disk space to store it allcoming in at 600 GB compressed and 700 GB decompressed. Flashpoint Infinity is a pared-down version of Flashpoint Ultimate with the initial download only containing the software needed to run the content. Games and animations can be picked and chosen by the user for download and play. As could be expected, due to the pick-and-play nature of Flashpoint Infinity, the amount of required disk space is significantly less with only 650 MB, butmore space is needed for every game or animation downloaded.
    • Flash Game Archive: Flash Game Archive is a preservation project launched by Dragom in an effort to preserve Flash games. Flash Game Archives allows users to play Flash games on your home device. To play the Flash games on Flash Game Archive, you will need to download their client software.
    • Newgrounds: Newgrounds was a major supporter of Flash gameswhen Flash was used prolifically. Newgrounds continues to support Flash with the development of their own Flash player. The Newgrounds Flash player does rely on Adobe Flash Player, and you will need to install the plug-in.
    • Ruffle: Mike Welsh, a former Newgrounds employee, first developed an open-source project called Swivel to archive Flash content. In 2016, Welsh began Fluster, whichlater became Ruffle. Ruffle is now an open-source emulator contained in a sandbox for SWF files which Flash Player uses.
    • The Internet Archive: The Internet Archive, best known for its Wayback Machine, is a non-profit digital library for internet sites and other cultural artifacts. The Internet Archive uses the Ruffle platform to allow users to play Flash games through the emulator without theinstallation of Adobe Flash Player.
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    How Does A Flash Emulator Work?

    A piece of software called an emulator mimics the behavior of hardware or other software.

    Emulators, while they work within the operating system, create anartificial hardware environment that appears to be another operating system or other hardware such as a Nintendo GameBoy

    The emulator with Flash creates the authentic Flash environment that can view SWF files.

    On the gadget the emulator is running on, the end user is now able to play Flash games or view Flash content.

    References:

    In 2020, all Flash games will be permanently lost, but this project has preserved 38,000 of them. PCGamesN,https://www. pcgamesn com/flash-games-2020-flashpoint. Accessed on 15 April. 2022.

    Save Flash gaming with the Flash Game Archive. http://www. flashgamearchive com/. Accessed 15 Apr 2022.

    Digital Library of Free and Checkable Books, Movies, and Music at the Internet Archive https://archive. org/. Accessed on 15 April. 2022.

    Newgrounds Com Everything, by Everyone Newgrounds Com, https://www newgrounds com/ Accessed 15 Apr 2022

    “Ruffle.” Ruffle, https://github.com/. Accessed 15 Apr. 2022.

    From multimedia to malware: Adobe Flash Player’s history. The Mac Security Blog, 29 December , https://www. intego. com/mac-security-blog/the-history-of-adobe-flash-player-from-multimedia-to-malware/.

    Why did Flash Player Get Cancelled? : Its usage also waned because of modern web standards that allow some of Flash’s use cases to be fulfilled without third-party plugins. This led to the eventual deprecation of the platform by Adobe. Flash Player was officially discontinued on 31 December 2020, and its download page was removed two days later.
    Read Detail Answer On Why did Flash Player Get Cancelled?

    “Shockwave Flash” redirects here. Not to be confused with Adobe Shockwave. For thefile format sometimes referred to as “Shockwave Flash”, see SWF.

    Adobe Flash PlayerOriginal author(s)Developer(s)Initial releaseStable release(s) [±]Preview release(s) [±]Written inOperating systemPlatformAvailable inTypeLicenseWebsite

    FutureWaveMacromedia
    Adobe Inc.ZhongchengHarman
    January 1, 1996; 26 years ago
    Windows, macOS (China-specific variant)Windows, macOS, Linux (Harman enterprise variant)Linux (China-specific variant)Windows, macOS, Linux, Chrome OS (Global variant, excluding China)Internet Explorer 11 and Edge Legacy (Embedded – Windows 8 and later)Android 4.0.xAndroid 2.x and 3.xSolaris

    34.0.0.267[1] / August 9, 2022; 27 daysago[2]
    50.x[3] / 2021; 1 year ago
    34.0.0.137[4][5] /April 13, 2021; 16 months ago[2]
    32.0.0.465[6] / December 8, 2020; 20 months ago[7]
    32.0.0.445[6] / October 13, 2020; 22 monthsago[7]
    11.1.115.81 / September 10, 2013; 8 years ago[7]
    11.1.111.73 / September 10, 2013; 8 years ago[7]
    11.2.202.223 / March 28, 2012; 10 years ago[7]
    Windows, macOS, Linux, Chrome OS

    32.0.0.380 Beta / May 14, 2020; 2 years ago[8]
    ActionScript
    Windows, macOS, Linux,Chrome OS, Solaris, BlackBerry Tablet OS, Android,Pocket PC
    Web browsers and ActiveX-based software
    Chinese Simplified, Chinese Traditional, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Polish, Russian, Portuguese, Spanish, Korean, Turkish, Xhosa, Telugu, Vietnamese, Afrikaans, Yiddish, Zulu, and Arabic[9]
    Runtime system and browser extension
    Freeware
    Adobe Flash Player End of Life (EOL, original global variants) Adobe Flash Player Harman official website (active, Harmanenterprise variant) Adobe Flash Player China official website (active, China-specific variant)

    Adobe Flash Player (known in Internet Explorer, Firefox, and Google Chrome as ShockwaveFlash)[10] is freeware computer software for viewing multimedia contents, executingrich Internet applications, and streaming audio and video content created on the Adobe Flash platform. It can run from aweb browser as a browser plug-in or independently on supported devices. Originally created by FutureWave under the name FutureSplash Player, it was renamed to Macromedia Flash Player afterMacromedia acquired FutureWave in 1996. It was then developed and distributed by Adobe Systems as Flash Player after Adobe acquired Macromedia in 2005. It is currently developed and distributed by Zhongcheng for users in China, and byHarman International for enterprise users outside of China, in collaboration with Adobe.

    SWF files produced by Adobe Flash Professional, Adobe Flash Builder, or third-party applications like FlashDevelop are run by Flash Player. The scripting language ActionScript, which is based on ECMAScript and is similar to JavaScript in functionality to JavaScript, is supported by Flash Player along with vector graphics, 3D graphics, embedded audio, video, and raster graphics. A sandboxed version of the Adobe Flash plug-in was preinstalled in Internet Explorer 11, Microsoft Edge Legacy, Windows 8 and later, and Google Chrome on all Windows versions. [11][12][13][14][15].

    FlashPlayer once had a large user base, and was a common format for web games, animations, and graphical user interface (GUI) elements embedded in web pages. Adobe stated in 2013 that more than 400 million out of over 1 billion connected desktops updated to new versions of Flash Player withinsix weeks of release.[16] However, Flash Player became increasingly criticized for its performance, consumption of battery on mobile devices, the number of security vulnerabilities that had been discovered in the software, and itsclosed platform nature. Apple co-founder Steve Jobs was highly critical of Flash Player, having published an open letterdetailing Apple’s reasoning for not supporting Flash on its iOS device family. Its usage also waned because of modern web standards that allow some of Flash’s use cases to be fulfilled without third-partyplugins.[17][18][19] This led to the eventual deprecation of the platform by Adobe. Flash Player was officially discontinued on 31 December2020, and its download page was removed two days later. Since 12 January 2021, Flash Player (original global variants) versions newer than 32.0.0.371, released in May 2020, refuse to play Flash content and instead display a static warning message.[20] The software remains supported in mainland China and in some enterprisevariants.[21]

    Features[edit]

    While there are no built-in features for Adobe Flash Player to modify the SWF file at runtime, it is a runtime that executes and displays content from a provided SWF file. The ActionScript programming language can be used to create software that can runtime manipulate text, data, vector graphics, raster graphics, sound, and video. After receiving the user’s consent, the player can also access some connected hardware devices, such as web cameras and microphones.

    Flash Player was used internally by the Adobe Integrated Runtime (AIR), to provide a cross-platform runtime environment fordesktop applications and mobile applications. AIR supports installable applications on Windows, Linux, macOS, and some mobileoperating systems such as iOS and Android. Flash applications must specifically be built for the AIR runtime to use additional features provided, such as file system integration, native client extensions, native window/screen integration, taskbar/dock integration, and hardware integration withconnected Accelerometer and GPS devices.[22]

    Dataformats[edit]

    Flash Player included native support for many data formats, some of which can only be accessed through theActionScript scripting interface.

    • XML: Flash Player has included native support for XML parsing and generation since version 8. XML data is held in memory as an XML Document Object Model, and can bemanipulated using ActionScript. ActionScript 3 also supports ECMAScript for XML (E4X), which allows XML data to be manipulated more easily.
    • JSON: Flash Player 11 includes native support for importing and exporting data in the JavaScript Object Notation(JSON) format, which allows interoperability with web services and JavaScript programs.
    • AMF: Flash Player allows application data to be stored on users computers, in the form of Local SharedObjects, the Flash equivalent to browser cookies.[23] Flash Player can also natively read and write files in theAction Message Format, the default data format for Local Shared Objects. Since the AMF format specification is published, data can be transferred to and from Flash applications using AMF datasets instead of JSON or XML, reducing theneed for parsing and validating such data.
    • SWF: The specification for the SWF file format was published by Adobe, enabling the development of the SWX Format project, which used the SWF file format and AMF as a means for Flashapplications to exchange data with server side applications.[24][25] The SWX system stores data as standard SWF bytecode which is automatically interpreted by FlashPlayer.[26] Another open-source project, SWXml allows Flash applications to load XML files as native ActionScript objects without any client-side XML parsing, by converting XML files to SWF/AMF on theserver.[27][28]

    Multimediaformats[edit]

    Flash Player is primarily a graphics and multimedia platform, and has supported raster graphics andvector graphics since its earliest version. It supports the following different multimedia formats which it can natively decode and play back.

    • MP3: Support for decoding and playback of streamingMPEG-2 Audio Layer III (MP3) audio was introduced in Flash Player 4. MP3 files can be accessed and played back from a server via HTTP, or embedded inside an SWF file, which is also a streaming format.
    • FLV: Support for decoding and playing back video and audio insideFlash Video (FLV and F4V) files, a format developed by Adobe Systems and Macromedia. Flash Video is only a container format and supports multiple different videocodecs, such as Sorenson Spark, VP6, and more recentlyH.264.[29] Flash Player uses hardware acceleration to display video where present, using technologies such as DirectX Video Acceleration andOpenGL to do so. Flash Video is used by YouTube,[30]Hulu,[31] Yahoo! Video, BBCOnline,[32] and other news providers. FLV files can be played back from a server using HTTP progressive download, and can also be embedded inside an SWF file. Flash Video can also bestreamed via RTMP using the Adobe Flash Media Server or other such server-side software.
    • PNG: Support for decoding and renderingPortable Network Graphics (PNG) images, in both its 24-bit (opaque) and 32-bit (semi-transparent) variants. Flash Player 11 can also encode a PNG bitmap via ActionScript.
    • JPEG: Support for decoding and rendering compressed JPEG images. Flash Player 10 added support for theJPEG-XR advanced image compression standard developed by Microsoft Corporation, which results in better compression and quality than JPEG. JPEG-XR enables lossy andlossless compression with or without alpha channel transparency. Flash Player 11 can also encode a JPEG or JPEG-XR bitmap via ActionScript.
    • GIF: Support for decoding and rendering compressedGraphics Interchange Format (GIF) images, in its single-frame variants only. Loading a multi-frame GIF will display only the first image frame.

    Streaming protocols[edit]

    • HTTP: Support for communicating with web servers using HTTP requests and POSTdata.[33] However, only websites that explicitly allow Flash to connect to them can be accessed via HTTP or sockets, to prevent Flash being used as a tool forcross-site request forgery,[34] cross-site scripting,DNS rebinding,[35] and denial-of-service attacks. Websites must host a certain XML file termed a cross domainpolicy,[35] allowing or denying Flash content from specific websites to connect to them. Certain websites, such as Digg, Flickr, andPhotobucket already host a cross domain policy that permits Flash content to access their website via HTTP.[36]
    • RTMP: Support for live audio and video streaming using theReal Time Messaging Protocol (RTMP) developed by Macromedia. RTMP supports a non-encrypted version over the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) or anencrypted version over a secure Transport Layer Security (SSL) connection. RTMPT can also be encapsulated within HTTP requests to traversefirewalls that only allow HTTP traffic.
    • TCP: Support for Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) Internet socket communication to communicate with any type of server, usingstream sockets. Sockets can be used only via ActionScript, and can transfer plain text, XML, or binary data (ActionScript 3.0 andlater).[37][38] To prevent security issues, web servers that permit Flash content to communicate with them using sockets must host an XML-based cross domain policy file, served on Port 843.[39] Sockets enable AS3 programs to interface with any kind of server software, such asMySQL.[40]

    Performance[edit]

    Hardware acceleration[edit]

    Until version 10 of the Flash player, there was no support for GPU acceleration Version 10 added a limited form of support forshaders on materials in the form of the Pixel Bender API, but still did not have GPU-accelerated 3D vertex processing [41] A significant change came in version 11, which added anew low-level API called Stage3D (initially codenamed Molehill), which provides full GPU acceleration, similar toWebGL [42][43] (The partial support for GPU acceleration in Pixel Bender was completely removed in Flash 11 8, resulting in the disruption of someprojects like MIT’s Scratch, which lacked the manpower to recode their applications quickly enough [44][45])

    Currentversions of Flash Player are optimized to use hardware acceleration for video playback and 3D graphics rendering on many devices, including desktop computers. Performance is similar to HTML5 videoplayback.[46][47] Also, Flash Player has been used on multiple mobile devices as a primary user interface renderer.[48]

    Compilation[edit]

    Despite the fact that ActionScript 3 code executes up to ten times faster than ActionScript 2[49], the Adobe ActionScript 3 compiler is a non-optimizing compiler that creates inefficient bytecode in the resulting SWF when compared to toolkits like CrossBridge. [50][51][52][53][54].

    CrossBridge, a toolkit that targets C++ code to run within the Flash Player, uses the LLVM compiler to produce bytecode that runs up to 10 times faster than code the ActionScript 3 compiler produces, only because the LLVM compiler uses more aggressiveoptimization.[52][53][54]

    Adobe has released ActionScript Compiler 2 (ASC2) in Flex 4 7 andonwards, which improves compilation times and optimizes the generated bytecode and supports method inlining, improving its performance at runtime [55]

    As of 2012, the Haxe multiplatform languagecan build programs for Flash Player that perform faster than the same application built with the Adobe Flex SDK compiler.[56][unreliablesource?]

    Development methods[edit]

    Flash Player applications and games can be built in two significantly different methods:

    • “Flex” applications: TheAdobe Flex Framework is an integrated collection of stylable Graphical User Interface, data manipulation and networking components, and applications built upon it are termed “Flex” applications. Startup time is reduced since the Flex framework must be downloaded before the applicationbegins, and weighs in at approximately 500KB. Editors include Adobe Flash Builder and FlashDevelop.
    • “Pure ActionScript” applications: Applications built without the Flex framework allow greater flexibility andperformance.[57][58][59] Video games built for Flash Player are typically pure-Actionscript projects. Various open-source componentframeworks are available for pure ActionScript projects, such as MadComponents, that provide UI Components at significantly smaller SWF file sizes.[60][61]

    In both methods, developers can access the full Flash Player set of functions,including text, vector graphics, bitmap graphics, video, audio,camera, microphone, and others. AIR also includes added features such as file system integration, native extensions, native desktop integration, and hardware integration with connected devices.

    Development tools[edit]

    Adobe provides five ways of developingapplications for Flash Player:

    • Adobe Animate: graphic design, animation and scripting toolset
    • Adobe Flash Builder: enterprise application development and debugging
    • Adobe Scout:visual profiler for performance optimization
    • Apache Flex: a free SDK to compile Flash and Adobe AIR applications from source code; developed by Adobe and donated to the ApacheFoundation[62]
    • CrossBridge: a free SDK to cross-compile C++ code to run in Flash Player

    Third-partydevelopment environments are also available:

    • FlashDevelop: an open-source Flash ActionScript IDE, which includes a debugger for AIR applications
    • Powerflasher FDT: a commercial ActionScript IDE
    • CodeDrive: an extension to Microsoft Visual Studio2010 for ActionScript 3 development and debugging
    • MTASC: a compiler
    • Haxe: a multi-platformlanguage[63]

    Game development[edit]

    Adobe Gaming SDK 1.0 logo

    Adobe offers the free Adobe Gaming SDK, consisting (as of August 2014) of several open-source AS3 libraries built on the Flash PlayerStage3D APIs for GPU-accelerated graphics:[64]

    • Away3D: GPU-accelerated 3D graphics and animation engine
    • Starling: GPU-accelerated 2D graphics that mimics the Flash display list API
    • Feathers: GPU-accelerated skinnable GUI library built on top of Starling
    • Dragon Bones: GPU-accelerated 2Dskeletal animation library

    Unity3D[65] and Unreal Engine3 are two commercial game engines that use Flash Player (Stage3D) as their target run-time environment. A number of older 2D engines or isometric engines, like Flixel, had their heyday prior to the release of Stage3D. [67].

    Adobe also developed the CrossBridge toolkit which cross-compilesC/C++ code to run within the Flash Player, using LLVM and GCC as compiler backends, and high-performance memory-access opcodes in the Flash Player (termed “Domain Memory”) to work with in-memory data quickly.[68] CrossBridge is targeted toward thegame development industry, and includes tools for building, testing, and debugging C/C++ projects in Flash Player.

    Notable online video games developed in Flash include Angry Birds, FarmVille, andAdventureQuest (started in 2002, and still active as of 2020).[69]

    Availability[edit]

    Desktop platforms[edit]

    Adobe Flash Player is available in two major flavors:

  • The plugin version for use in various web browsers
  • The “projector” version is a standalone player that can open SWF filesdirectly.[70][71]
  • On February 22, 2012, Adobe announced that it would no longer release new versions of NPAPI Flash plugins for Linux, although Flash Player 11 2 would continue to receive securityupdates [72][73][74] In August 2016 Adobe announced that, beginning with version 24, it will resume offering of Flash Player for Linux forother browsers [75]

    The Extended Support Release (ESR) of Flash Player on macOS and Windows was a version of Flash Player kept up to date with security updates, but none of the new features or bug fixes available in later versions. In August 2016, Adobe discontinued the ESR branch and instead focused solely on the standard release.[76]

    Release history for desktop operating systemsOperating systemFirst version Latest version Support status

    Windows XP SP2–11 1 34.0.0.267 (China-specific)[77]50.x (Harman enterprise)[78]32.0.0.465 (last public update,excluding China)[79] 2017–present2021–present2001–2020
    2000 and XP RTM–SP1 11.1.102.55 and 10.3.183.90[80] 1999–2013
    98, ME and 2000 RTM–SP2 9.0.289.0[80] 1998–2011
    95 and NT 4 (IA-32) 7.0.14.0[80] 1997–2005
    3.1 3[81] 1997–1998
    macOS 10.12 and later 5.0.41.0[82] 34.0.0.267 (China-specific)[77] 2017–present
    10.10 and later 50.x (Harman enterprise)[78]32.0.0.465 (last public update, excluding China)[79] 2021–present2014–2020
    10.9 29.0.0.171[80] 2013–2018
    10.6–10.8 (IA-32, x64) 22.0.0.209[80] 2009–2016
    10.5 (IA-32,x64) 10.3.183.90[80] 2007–2013
    10.4 (IA-32,PPC)–10.5 (PPC) 10.1.102.64[80] 2005–2011
    10.1–10.3 9.0.289.0[80] 2001–2011
    Classic Mac OS 7.6.1–9.2.2 (PowerPC) 1 7.0.14.0[80] 1997–2005
    7.6.1–8.1 (68k) 3[81] 1997–1998
    Linux desktops 4.0r12[83][84] 50.x (Harman enterprise)[78]34.0.0.137 (last public update, China-specific)[85]32.0.0.465 (last public update,excluding China)[79] 2021–present2017–2021[86]1999–2020
    Solaris and OpenSolaris 4.0r12[83] 11.2.202.223 and 10.3.183.90[80] 2004–2013
    IRIX 4.0r12[83][87] 4.0.r12[88] 1999

    Version 10 can be run under Windows 98/Me using KernelEx. HP offered Version 6 of the player for HP-UX,[89] whileInnotek GmbH offered versions 4 and 5 for OS/2.[90] Other versions of the player have been available at some point forBeOS.[citation needed]

    Mobileplatforms[edit]

    In 2011, Flash Player had emerged as the de facto standard for online video publishing on the desktop, with adaptive bitrate video streaming, DRM, andfullscreen support [30][31] On mobile devices, however, after Apple refused to allow the Flash Player within the inbuiltiOS web browser, Adobe changed strategy, enabling Flash content to be delivered as native mobile applications using the Adobe Integrated Runtime

    Up until 2012, Android (ARM Cortex-A8 and higher) could use Flash Player 11, but Google declared that Android 4 would no longer support it in June 2012[91]. 1 (also known as Jelly Bean) would not by default support Flash. Adobe stopped maintaining Flash for Android in August 2012. [92].

    Flash Player was supported on a select range of mobile and tablet devices, fromAcer, BlackBerry 10, Dell, HTC, Lenovo,Logitech, LG, Motorola, Samsung, Sharp,SoftBank, Sony (and Sony Ericsson), andToshiba [93][94][95] As of 2012, Adobe has stoppedbrowser-based Flash Player development for mobile browsers in favor of HTML5,[96][97] however, Adobe continues tosupport Flash content on mobile devices with the Adobe Integrated Runtime, which allows developers to publish content that runs as native applications on certain supported mobile phone platforms

    Adobe said it will optimize Flash for use on ARM architecture (ARMv7 and ARMv6 architectures used in the Cortex-A series of processors and in the ARM11 family) and release it in the second halfof 2009. The company also stated it wants to enable Flash on NVIDIA Tegra, Texas Instruments OMAP 3, and SamsungARMs.[98][99] Beginning 2009, it was announced that Adobe would be bringing Flash to TV sets viaIntel Media Processor CE 3100 before mid-2009.[100] ARM Holdings later said it welcomes the move of Flash, because “it will transform mobile applications and it removes the claim that the desktop controlsthe Internet.”[101] However, as of May 2009, the expected ARM/Linux netbook devices had poor support for Web video and fragmented software base.[102]

    Among otherdevices, LeapFrog Enterprises provides Flash Player with their Leapster Multimedia Learning System and extended the Flash Player with touch-screen support [103] Version 9 was the most recent version available for theLinux/ARM-based Nokia 770/N800/N810 Internet tablets runningMaemo OS2008 [89] Other versions of the player have been available at some point for Symbian OS andPalm OS [104] The Kodak Easyshare One includes FlashPlayer [105]

    The following table documents historical support for Flash Player on mobile operating systems:

    Platform Final version

    Android 4.0, ARM Cortex-A8+[91] Flash Player 11.1.115.81[80]
    Android 2.2–3.x, ARMCortex-A8+[106][91] Flash Player 11.1.111.73[80]
    Dreamcast Flash Player 4.0[citation needed]
    Maemo Flash Player 9.4[107]
    PlayStation 3 with Firmware 2.50, NetFront 2.81 Flash Player 9.1 (update 3)[108]
    PSP with Firmware 2.70 Flash Player 6[109]
    Pocket PC 2003[110] Flash Player 7[111][112]
    webOS (Palm and HP) Flash Player 10[citation needed]
    Windows Mobile 5[110] Flash Player 7[111]

    Other hardware[edit]

    Some CPU emulators have been created for Flash Player, includingChip8,[113] Commodore 64,[114]ZX Spectrum,[115] and the Nintendo EntertainmentSystem.[116] They enable video games created for such platforms to run within Flash Player.

    End of life[edit]

    Adobe announced on July 25,2017, that it would end support for the normal/global variant of Flash Player on January 1, 2021, and encouraged developers to use HTML5 standards in place of Flash.[117][118]The announcement was coordinated with Apple,[119] Facebook,[120]Google,[121] Microsoft,[122] andMozilla.[123] Adobe announced that all major web browsers planned to officially remove the Adobe Flash Player component on December 31, 2020, and Microsoft removed it from the Windows OS in January 2021 via Windows Update. In a move to further reduce the number of Flash Player installations, Adobe added a “time bomb” to Flash to disable existing installations after January 12, 2021.[124] In mid-2020, Flash Player started prompting users to uninstallitself.[125] Adobe removed all existing download links for Flash installers.[126] After January 26, 2021, all major web browsers including Apple Safari,Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, and Mozilla Firefox have already permanently removed Flashsupport.[127] However, Flash content continues to be accessible on the web through emulators such as Ruffle, with varying degrees of compatibility and performance,although this is not endorsed by Adobe.

    Web browsers[edit]

    GoogleChrome[edit]

    Flash is by default turned off as of Chrome 76, and there are no prompts to enable Flash content. [128] Users who wanted to view Flash content had to manually set their browser to ask for it, and then during each browser session, they had to individually enable the Flash plugin for each website. Google Chrome will adhere to the same strategy as Microsoft Edge, which is based on Chromium. [129].

    Google Chrome blocked the Flash plugin as “out of date” in January 2021, and fully removed it from the browser with Chrome version 88,released on January 20, 2021.[130][131]

    Mozilla Firefox[edit]

    Starting with Firefox 85,[128] Flash is disabled by default without any prompts to activate Flash content. To play Flash content, users had to manually set a browser to prompt for Flash content, and then during each browser session enable Flash plugin for every site individually. Firefox 85, released on January 26, 2021,completely removed support for the Flash plugin.[127] Firefox ESR dropped support on November 2, 2021 (Firefox 78 ESR was the last version withsupport).[132]

    Microsoft Windows[edit]

    On October 27, 2020, Microsoft released an update (named KB4577586)for Windows 10 and 8.1 which removes the embedded Adobe Flash Player component from IE11 and Edge Legacy. In July 2021, this update was automatically installed as a securitypatch.[133][134] However, an ActiveX Flash Player plugin may still be used with IE after this update isapplied.[135][136]

    AppleSafari[edit]

    Apple dropped Flash Player support from Safari 14 alongside the release of macOS BigSur.[137][138]

    Fallout[edit]

    Despite the years of notice, several websites still were using Flash following December 31, 2020, including the U.S. Securities andExchange Commission. Many of these were resolved in the weeks after the deadline. However, many educational institutions still relied on Flash for educational material and did not have a path forward for replacement.[139]

    Post-EOLsupport[edit]

    Mainland China[edit]

    The China-specific variant of Flash will be supported beyond 2020, by a company known as Zhongcheng.[140][141] TheProjector (standalone) versions of this variant also work just fine outside of China and do not include the “Flash Helper Service”; however, some tracking code still seems to be present. They are available on a somewhat hidden “Debug” page.[142] In addition, as the global variant of the plugin was discontinued, some users have figured how to modifyand repack the China-specific variant to bring it more in line with the global variant. This includes removing the “Flash Helper Service” and removing the China only installation restriction, along with all other geo-restrictions and tracking code. A “time bomb”, similar to the one found in later versions of the global variant, is also present in the unmodified China variant; this is also removed in most repacks. In theory, these repacks should provide users outside of China with the latestsecurity updates to Flash Player, without having to deal with invasive advertisements or worry about privacy risks.[143] One such project, “Clean Flash Installer”, was served a DMCA takedown from Adobe in October2021.[144]

    Enterprise[edit]

    Adobe has partnered withHarman to support enterprise Flash Player users until at least 2023.[145][146] The Harman Flash player variant is labeled as version 50.x, toavoid confusion with other variants.[78]

    Web browsers[edit]

    Flash Player support will continue to be available in Internet Explorer 11 and IE mode inEdge[78]. There are several Firefox forks, including Waterfox, Basilisk, Pale Moon, and K-Meleon, that intend to keep supporting NPAPI and, consequently, Flash Player. Along with 360 Secure Browser, other Chromium-based Chinese browsers will also keep supporting Flash Player in PPAPI and/or NPAPI form. [135].

    Shortly after Flash EOL,South African Revenue Service (SARS) released a custom version of Chromium browser with the Adobe Flash Player “time bomb” removed. This browser can access only a small set of SARS online pages containing Flash-based forms required for filing financialreports.[147]

    Adobe Flash Player Projector[edit]

    Although no longer available directly from Adobe, all versionsof Adobe Flash Player Projector (also known as Adobe Flash Player Standalone) lack the “time bomb” present in the newer plug-in variants, and thus continue to be able to play all supported Flash file formats, including SWF files, withoutmodification.[148][71][142]

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    Content preservationprojects[edit]

    The Internet Archive hosts some Flash content and makes it playable in modern browsers via emulators,Ruffle and Emularity.[149] Other emulators, such as CheerpX, also exist as options for Flash Player emulation on other websites.[150] BlueMaxima’sFlashpoint project claims to have collected more than 38,000 Adobe Flash Player games and animations and made them available for download.[151]

    Opensource[edit]

    Adobe has released some components of Adobe Flash products as open source software via Open Screen Project or donated them to open source organizations. As of 2021, most of these technologies are considered obsolete. This includes:ActionScript Virtual Machine 2 (AVM2) which implements ActionScript 3 (donated as open-source to Mozilla Foundation),Adobe Flex Framework (donated as open-source to the Apache Software Foundation and rebranded as ApacheFlex,[62] superseded by Apache Royale), CrossBridge C++ cross-compilation toolset (released onGitHub).[152][153]

    Criticism[edit]

    Accessibility andusability[edit]

    It has been necessary to uninstall older versions of Flash in some browsers before installing an updated version. [154][155] Nevertheless, as of version 11, There are now automatic updater options for version 2 of Windows. [156] Linux is only partially supported, but Adobe is working with Google to implement it on all Linux platforms using the Chrome web browser. [157].

    Mixing Flash applications with HTML leads to inconsistent input handling leading to poor user experience with the site (keyboard and mouse not working as they would in an HTML-onlydocument).[citation needed]

    Privacy[edit]

    FlashPlayer supports local shared objects, which are used in web applications similarly to HTTP cookies or Web Storage and allow for persistent local data storage. Websites can store non-executable data, such as authentication details, game high scores or web browser game identifiers, site preferences, saved work, or temporary files, on a user’s computer thanks to local storage in Flash Player. When it comes to accessing local storage, Flash Player will only permit content coming from the exact same website domain. [158].

    Because local storage can be used to save information on a computer that is later retrieved by the same site, a site can use it to gather user statistics, similar to how HTTP cookies and Web Storage can be used. With suchtechnologies, the possibility of building a profile based on user statistics is considered by some a potential privacy concern. Users can disable or restrict use of local storage in Flash Player through a “Settings Manager”page.[159][160] These settings can be accessed from the Adobe website or by right-clicking on Flash-based content and selecting “Global Settings”.

    Local storage can be disabled entirely or on a site-by-site basis Disabling local storage will block any content from saving local user information using Flash Player, but this may disable or reduce the functionality of some websites, such as saved preferences or high scores and saved progress in games

    Flash Player 10.1 and upward honor the privacy mode settings in the latest versions of the Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, and Safari web browsers, suchthat no local storage data is saved when the browser’s privacy mode is in use.[161]

    Security[edit]

    While Adobe Flash Player release notes do not list the security issues resolved when a release closes security holes, security updates are announced in Adobe security bulletins and advisories. This makes it challenging to determine the urgency of a given update. The user can use a version test page to see if the most recent version is installed, and uninstallers can be used to make sure that all installed browsers have old-version plugins removed.

    In February 2010, Adobe officiallyapologized[162] for not fixing a known vulnerability for over a year. In June 2010 Adobe announced a “critical vulnerability” in recent versions, saying there are reports that this vulnerability is being actively exploited in the wild against both Adobe Flash Player, and Adobe Reader andAcrobat.[163][164] Later, in October 2010, Adobe announced[165] another critical vulnerability, this time also affectingAndroid-based mobile devices. Android users have been recommended to disable Flash or make it only on demand.[166] Subsequent security vulnerabilities also exposed Android users, such as the two critical vulnerabilities published in February2013[167] or the four critical vulnerabilities published in March 2013,[168] all of which could lead to arbitrary code execution.

    Symantec’s InternetSecurity Threat Report[169] states that a remote code execution in Adobe Reader and FlashPlayer[170] was the second most attacked vulnerability in 2009. The same report also recommended using browser extensions to disable Flash Player usage on untrusted websites. McAfee predictedthat Adobe software, especially Reader and Flash, would be primary target for attacks in 2010.[171] Adobe applications had become, at least at some point, the most popular client-software targets for attackers during the last quarter of 2009.[172] The Kaspersky Security Network published statistics for the third quarter of 2012 showing that 47.5% of its users were affected by one or more critical vulnerabilities.[173] The report also highlighted that “Flash Player vulnerabilities enablecybercriminals to bypass security systems integrated into the application.”[173]

    Steve Jobs criticized the security of Flash Player, noting that “Symantec recently highlighted Flash for having one of the worst security records in2009”.[174] Adobe responded by pointing out that “the Symantec Global Internet Threat Report for 2009, found that Flash Player had the second lowest number of vulnerabilities of all Internet technologies listed (which included both web plug-ins andbrowsers).”[175][176]

    On April 7, 2016, Adobe released a Flash Player patch for a zero-day memory corruption vulnerabilityCVE-2016-1019 that could be used to deliver malware via the Magnitude exploit kit. The vulnerability could be exploited for remote code execution.[177][178]

    Vendorlock-in[edit]

    A11 Flash Player A license obtained by the publisher directly from Adobe prevents 2 from playing some types of content unless it has been digitally signed by Adobe. [179].

    This action by Adobe was criticized as a way to lock out independent tool developers in favor of Adobe’s commercial tools, along with the abandonment of Flex to Apache. [180][181][182].

    This has been resolved as of January 2013, after Adobe no longer requires a license or royalty from thedeveloper. All premium features are now classified as general availability, and can be freely used by Flash applications.[183]

    Applecontroversy[edit]

    In April 2010, Steve Jobs, at the time CEO of Apple Inc. published an open letter explainingwhy Apple would not support Flash on the iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad.[174] In the letter heblamed problems with the “openness”, stability, security, performance, and touchscreen integration of the Flash Player as reasons for refusing to support it. He also claimed that when one of Apple’s Macintosh computers crashes, “more often than not” the cause can be attributed to Flash, and described Flash as”buggy”.[184] Adobe’s CEO Shantanu Narayen responded by saying, “If Flash [is] the number one reason that Macs crash, which I’m not aware of, it has as much to do with the Apple operatingsystem.”[185]

    Steve Jobs also claimed that a large percentage of the video on the Internet is supported on iOS, since many popular video sharing websites such as YouTube have published video content in an HTML5 compatible format, enabling videos to playback in mobile web browsers evenwithout Flash Player.[186]

    Mainland China-specific variant[edit]

    Starting with version 30, Adobe stoppeddistributing Flash Player directly to users from mainland China. Instead, they selected 2144.cn as a partner and released a special variant of Flash Player on a specific website,[187] which contains a non-closable process, known as the “Flash Helper Service”, that collects private informationand pops up advertisement window contents,[188] by receiving and running encrypted programs from a remote server.[189] The partnership started in about 2017, but in version30, Adobe disabled the usage of vanilla (global) variant of Flash Player in mainland China,[190] forcing users to use that specific variant, which may pose a risk to its users due to China’s Internetcensorship.[191] This only affected Chinese Chromium based browser users, Firefox users, andInternet Explorer users using Windows 7 and below, as Microsoft still directly distributed Flash Player for Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge throughWindows Update in Windows 8 and upward at the time. Starting in 2021, however, this variant is the only publicly supported version of Flash Player.

    Releasehistory[edit]

    Adobe Flash Player version history

    • FutureSplash Player 1.1[192]
      • New scripting features
      • Option to disablethe menu and memory management optimizations
    • Macromedia Flash Player 2 (June 17, 1997)
      • Mostly vectors and motion, some bitmaps, limited audio
      • Support of stereo sound, enhanced bitmap integration, buttons, the Library, and the ability to tween color changes
    • MacromediaFlash Player 3 (May 31, 1998)
      • Added alpha transparency, licensed MP3 compression
      • Brought improvements to animation, playback, digital art, and publishing, as well as the introduction of simple script commands for interactivity
    • Macromedia Flash Player 4 (June 15, 1999)
      • Saw the introduction of streaming MP3s and the Motion Tween. Initially,the Flash Player plug-in was not bundled with popular web browsers and users had to visit Macromedia website to download it. As of 2000, however, the Flash Player was already being distributed with all AOL, Netscape and InternetExplorer browsers. Two years later it shipped with all releases of Windows XP. The install-base of the Flash Player reached 92 percent of all Internet users.
    • Macromedia Flash Player 5 (August 24, 2000)
      • A major advance in ability, with the evolution of Flash’s scripting abilities as released as ActionScript
      • Saw the ability to customize the authoring environment’sinterface
      • Macromedia Generator was the first initiative from Macromedia to separate design from content in Flash files. Generator 2.0 was released in April 2001, and featured real-time server-side generation of Flash content in its Enterprise Edition. Generator was discontinued in 2002, in favor of new technologies such as Flash Remoting, which allows for seamless transmission of databetween the server and the client, and ColdFusion Server.
      • In October 2000, usability guru Jakob Nielsen wrote a polemic article regarding usability of Flash contententitled “Flash: 99% Bad”. (Macromedia later hired Nielsen to help them improve Flash usability.)

    The old Macromedia FlashPlayer logo

    • Macromedia Flash Player 6 (version 6.0.21.0, codenamed Exorcist) (March 15, 2002)
      • Support for the consuming Flash Remoting (AMF) and Web Service (SOAP)
      • Supports ondemand/live audio and video streaming(RTMP)
      • Support for screenreaders via Microsoft Active Accessibility
      • Added Sorenson Spark video codec forFlash Video[193]
      • Support for video, application components, shared libraries, and accessibility
      • Macromedia Flash Communication Server MX, also released in 2002, allowed video to be streamed to Flash Player 6 (otherwise the video could be embedded into the Flashmovie).
    • Macromedia Flash Player 7 (version 7.0.14.0, codenamed Mojo) (September 10, 2003)
      • Supports progressive audio and video streaming (HTTP)
      • Supports ActionScript 2.0, an object-oriented programming language for developers
      • Ability to create charts, graphs and additional text effects with the new support for extensions (sold separately), high fidelity import ofPDF and Adobe Illustrator 10 files, mobile and device development and a forms-based development environment. ActionScript 2.0 was also introduced, giving developers a formal object-oriented approach to ActionScript. V2 Components replaced Flash MX’s components, being rewrittenfrom the ground up to take advantage of ActionScript 2.0 and object-oriented principles.
      • In 2004, the “Flash Platform” was introduced. This expanded Flash to more than the Flash authoring tool. Flex 1.0 and Breeze 1.0 were released, both of which used the Flash Player as a delivery method butrelied on tools other than the Flash authoring program to create Flash applications and presentations. Flash Lite 1.1 was also released, enabling mobile phones to play Flash content.
      • Last version for Windows 95/NT4 and Mac Classic[80]
    • Macromedia Flash Player 8 (version 8.0.22.0, codenamedMaelstrom) (September 13, 2005)
      • Support for runtime loading of GIF and PNG images
      • New video codec (On2 VP6)
      • Improved runtime performance and runtime bitmap caching
      • Live filters and blendmodes
      • File upload and download abilities
      • New text-rendering engine, the Saffron Type System
      • ExternalAPI subsystem introduced to replace fscommand
      • On December 3, 2005, Adobe Systems acquired Macromedia and its product portfolio (includingFlash).[194]
    • Macromedia Flash Player 8 (version 8.0.24.0) (April 23, 2006)
    • Adobe Flash Player 9 (version 9.0.15.0, codenamed Zaphod and formerly named Flash Player 8.5) (June 22, 2006)
      • Introduction ofActionScript Virtual Machine 2 (AVM2) with AVM1 retained for compatibility
      • ActionScript 3 (a superset of ECMAScript 3) via AVM2
      • E4X, which is a new approach to parsing XML
      • Supportfor binary sockets
      • Support for regular expressions and namespaces
      • AVM2 donated to Mozilla Foundation as open-source virtual machine namedTamarin
    • Adobe Flash Player 9 Update 1 (version 9.0.28.0, codenamed Marvin) (November 9, 2006)[195]
      • Supportfor fullscreen mode[196]
    • Adobe Flash Player 9 (version 9.0.45.0) (March 27, 2007)
      • Support for Creative Suite 3.
    • Adobe Flash Player 9 Update 2 (version Mac/Windows 9.0.47.0 and Linux 9.0.48.0, codenamedHotblack) (June 11, 2007)
      • Security update
    • Adobe Flash Player 9 Update 3 (version 9.0.115.0, codenamed Moviestar or Frogstar) (December2007)[197]
      • H.264[198]
      • AAC(HE-AAC, AAC Main Profile, and AAC-LC)
      • New Flash Video file format F4V based on the ISO base media file format (MPEG-4 Part 12)
      • Support for container formats based on the ISO base media fileformat[199]
      • Last version for Windows 98/ME and other platforms[80]
    • Adobe Flash Player 10 (version 10.0.12.36, codenamed Astro) (October 15, 2008)
      • New features
        • 3D object transformations
        • Custom filters via Pixel Bender
        • Advanced text support
        • Speex audio codec
        • Real Time Media Flow Protocol (RTMFP)
        • Dynamic sound generation
        • Vector data type
      • Enhanced features
        • Largerbitmap support
        • Graphics drawing API
        • Context menu
        • Hardware acceleration
        • Anti-aliasing engine (Saffron 3.1)
        • Read/write clipboard access
        • WMODE
    • Adobe Flash Player 10 (version 10.0.32.18) (July 27, 2009)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10 (version 10.0.42.34) (November 16, 2009)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10 (version 10.0.45.2) (February 21, 2010)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.1 (version 10.1.53.64,codenamed Argo) (June 10, 2010)[200]
      • Reuse of bitmap data copies for better memory management
      • Improved garbage collector
      • Hardware-based H.264 video decoding
      • HTTP Dynamic Streaming
      • Peer-assisted networking and multicast
      • Support for browserprivacy modes
      • Multi-touch APIs
      • For Macs/OSX 10.4 ppc or later
        • Using Cocoa UI for Macs
        • Use of double-buffered OpenGL context for fullscreen
        • Use of Core Animation
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.2 (version 10.2.152.26, codenamed Spicy) (February 8, 2011)
      • Stage Video, a full hardware-accelerated video pipeline
      • Internet Explorer 9 hardware-accelerated rendering support
      • Custom native mouse cursors
      • Multiple monitor fullscreen support
      • Enhanced subpixel rendering for text
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.2 (version 10.2.152.32) (February 28, 2011)
    • AdobeFlash Player 10.2 (version 10.2.153.1) (March 21, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.2 (version 10.2.159.1) (April 15, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.181.14, codenamed Wasabi) (May 12, 2011)[201]
      • Media measurement (video analytics forwebsites; desktop only)
      • Acoustic Echo Cancellation (acoustic echo cancellation, noise suppression, voice activity detection, automatic compensation for microphone input levels; desktop only)
      • Integration with browser privacy controls for managing local storage (ClearSiteData NPAPI)
      • Native control panel
      • Auto-update notification for Mac OS X
      • Last version for Mac OS X10.5[80] and Windows 2000 (unofficially bypassing the XP installer)
      • Adobe replaced Extended Support Release 10.3 by 11.7 on July 9, 2013.[202]
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.181.23) (June 5,2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.181.26) (June 14, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.181.34) (June 29, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.183.5) (August 14, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.183.7) (August 24, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.183.10) (September 21, 2011)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.183.11) (November 11, 2011)
    • AdobeFlash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.183.25) (September 18, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 10.3 (version 10.3.183.29) (October 8, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11 (version 11.0.1.152, codenamed Serrano) (October 4, 2011)[203]
      • Desktop only
        • Stage 3D accelerated graphics rendering[204]
          • Desktop: Windows (DirectX 9), OS X (Intel processor only) and Linux(OpenGL 1.3), SwiftShader fallback
          • Mobile: Android and iOS (OpenGL ES 2)
        • H.264/AVC software encoding for cameras
        • Native 64-bit
        • Asynchronous bitmap decoding
        • TLS secure sockets
      • Desktop and mobile
        • Stage Video hardware acceleration
        • Native extension libraries[205]
          • Desktop: Windows (.dll), OS X (.framework)
          • Mobile: Android (.jar, .so), iOS (.a)
        • JPEG XR decoding
        • G.711 audio compression for telephony
        • Protected HTTP Dynamic Streaming (HDS)
        • Unlimited bitmap size
        • LZMA SWF compression
      • Mobile only
        • H.264/AAC playback
        • Front-facing camera
        • Background audio playback
        • Device speaker control
        • 16- and 32-bit color depth
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.1 (version 11.1.102.55, codenamed Anza) (November 10, 2011)[206]
      • Last version of the web browser plug-in for mobile devices (made for Android 2.2 to 4.0.3)
      • iOS 5 native extensions forAIR
      • StageText: Native text input UI for Android
      • Security enhancements, last official version for Windows 2000[80]
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.1 (version 11.1.102.62) (March 5, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.2 (version 11.2.202.228) (March 28, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.2 (version 11.2.202.233) (April 12,2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.2 (version 11.2.202.235, codenamed Brannan) (May 3, 2012)[207]
      • The Windows version offers automatic updater options[156]
      • Dropped support of the browser plug-in for mobile devices (Android).Android app developers are encouraged to use Adobe Air and Android web developers should switch to HTML5.
      • Extended support for Flash player 11.2 on Solaris as it is the last version to be supported.[80]
      • Adobe replaced Extended Support Release 11.2 on Linux with 24.0 on December 13, 2016.
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version11.3.300.257) (June 8, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version 11.3.300.262) (June 21, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version 11.3.300.265) (July 11, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version 11.3.300.268) (July 26, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version 11.3.300.270) (August 4, 2012)
      • Desktop and mobile
        • Fullscreen interactive mode (keyboard input during fullscreen)
        • Native bitmap encoding and compression (PNG,JPEG, JPEG-XR)
        • Draw bitmaps with quality (low, medium, high, best)
        • Texture streaming for Stage3D
        • Dropped support for Linux and Solaris
      • Mobile-only
        • Auto-orientation on specific devices
        • USB debugging for AIR on iOS
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version 11.3.300.271) (September 18, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.3 (version 11.3.300.273) (October 3, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.4(version 11.4.402.259) (August 10, 2012)
      • Flash Player only
        • ActionScript workers
        • SandboxBridge support
        • Licensing support: Flash Player Premium features for gaming
      • Flash Player and AIR
        • Stage3D “constrained” profile for increased GPU reach
        • LZMA support for ByteArray
        • StageVideo attachCamera/Camera improvements
        • Compressed texture with alpha support for Stage3D
        • DXT encoding
      • AIR only
        • Deprecated Carbon APIs for AIR
        • Direct AIR deployment using ADT
        • Push notifications for iOS
        • Ambient AudioPlaybackMode
        • Exception support in Native Extensions for iOS
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.4 (version 11.4.402.265) (August 21, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player11.4 (version 11.4.402.278) (September 18, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.4 (version 11.4.402.287) (October 8, 2012)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.5[208]
      • Shared ByteArray
      • Invoke Event enhancement (for openurl)
      • Packaging multiple libraries in an ANE (iOS)
      • Debug stack trace in release builds of Flash Player
      • Statically link DRM (desktop only)
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.6 (codenamed Folsom)[208]
      • Lossless video export from standalone and authplay.dll
      • Support for flash.display.graphics.readGraphicsData() that returns a Vector ofIGraphicsData
      • Improve permissions UI related to full screen keyboard access
      • Prevent ActiveX abuse in Office documents
      • Support file access in cloud on Windows
      • Enhance multi-SWF support
      • Migration certification for ANEs
      • RectangleTexture
      • File API update so AIR apps conform to Apple data storage guidelines
      • Separate sampler state for Stage3D
      • Set device specific Retina Display resolution (iOS)
    • Adobe FlashPlayer 11.7 (version 11.7.700.169, codenamed Geary) (April 9, 2013)[208]
      • SharedObject.preventBackup property
      • forceCPURenderModeForDevices
      • Remote hosting of SWF files in case of multiple SWFs
      • Support for uploading 16-bittexture formats
      • GameInput updates
      • Android – create captive runtime apps
      • Adobe replaced Extended Support Release 11.7 on Mac and Windows with 13.0 on May 13, 2014.[209]
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.8 (codenamedHarrison)[208]
      • Stage3D baselineExtended profile
      • Recursive stop on MovieClip
      • Flash Player & AIR Desktop Game Pad Support
      • Support for large textures (extendedBaseline, 4096)
      • Rectangle texture
      • DatagramSocket
      • ServerSocket
      • Substitute a redirected URL from a source URLRequest for part of the URLin a new URLRequest
    • Adobe Flash Player 11.9 (codenamed Irving)[208]
      • OS X Mavericks Support
      • Mac .pkg Installation Support
    • AdobeFlash Player 12 (codenamed Jones)[210] (November 14, 2013)
      • Improved Mac .pkg Installation Support for the work flow and UI
      • Support for InternetExplorer 11 on Windows 7
      • Support for Safe Mode in Safari 6.1 and higher
      • 64-bit PPAPI Flash Player for Google Chrome
      • Graphics: Buffer Usage flag for Stage3D
    • Adobe Flash Player 13 (codenamedKing)[211][212]
      • Supplementary Characters Enhancement Support for Text Field
      • Full Screen video message tweak
      • As of 13 May 2014 this is the Extended SupportRelease.[209]
    • Adobe Flash Player 14 (version 14.0.0.125, codenamed Lombard) (June 10,2014)[213]
      • Stage 3D Standard profile
    • Adobe Flash Player 14 (version 14.0.0.145) (July 8, 2014)
    • Adobe Flash Player 14 (version 14.0.0.179) (August 12, 2014)
    • Adobe Flash Player 15 (version 15.0.0.152, codenamedMarket) (September 9, 2014)[214]
      • Improved support for browser zoom levels
    • Adobe Flash Player 15 (version 15.0.0.167) (September 23, 2014)
    • Adobe Flash Player 15 (version 15.0.0.223) (November 11,2014)
    • Adobe Flash Player 16 (version 16.0.0.235, codenamed Natoma) (December 9, 2014)[215]
      • Stage3D – Standard Constrained Profile
      • PPAPI Installers for Windows and Mac
    • Adobe Flash Player 16 (version 16.0.0.257) (January 13, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 16 (version 16.0.0.287) (January 22, 2015)
    • AdobeFlash Player 16 (version 16.0.0.296) (January 27, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 16 (version 16.0.0.305) (February 5, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 17 (version 17.0.0.134, codenamed Octavia) (March 12, 2015)[216]
      • Control Panelimprovements
      • Installer improvements for Mac
    • Adobe Flash Player 17 (version 17.0.0.169) (April 14, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 17 (version 17.0.0.188) (May 12, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 18 (version 18.0.0.160, codenamed Presidio) (June 9, 2015)
      • Contains fixes for Adobe Security Bulletin APSB15–11[217]
    • Adobe Flash Player 18 (version 18.0.0.194) (June 23, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 18 (version 18.0.0.203) (July 8, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 18 (version 18.0.0.209) (July 14, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 18 (version 18.0.0.232) (August 11, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 19 (version 19.0.0.185,codenamed Quint) (September 21, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 19 (version 19.0.0.207) (October 13, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 19 (version 19.0.0.226) (October 16, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 19 (version 19.0.0.245) (November 10, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 20 (version 20.0.0.228, codenamed Rankin) (December 8, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 20 (version 20.0.0.267) (December 28, 2015)
    • Adobe Flash Player 20(version 20.0.0.270) (January 1, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 20 (version 20.0.0.286) (January 19, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 20 (version 20.0.0.306) (February 9, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 21 (version 21.0.0.182, codenamed Sutter) (March 10, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 21 (version 21.0.0.197) (March 23, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 21 (version 21.0.0.213) (April 7, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 21 (version 21.0.0.216)(April 8, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 21 (version 21.0.0.226) (April 21, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 21 (version 21.0.0.242) (May 12, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 22 (version 22.0.0.185, codenamed Townsend) (June 16, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 22 (version 22.0.0.209) (July 12, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 22 (version 22.0.0.210) (July 14, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 23 (version 23.0.0.162, codenamed Underwood)(September 13, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 23 (version 23.0.0.185) (October 11, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 23 (version 23.0.0.205) (October 26, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 23 (version 23.0.0.207) (November 8, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 24 (version 24.0.0.186, codenamed Van Ness) (December 13, 2016)
    • Adobe Flash Player 24(version 24.0.0.194) (January 10, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 24 (version 24.0.0.221) (February 14, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 25 (version 25.0.0.127, codenamed Webster) (March 14, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 25 (version 25.0.0.148) (April 11, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 25 (version 25.0.0.163) (April 20, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 25 (version 25.0.0.171) (May 9, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 26 (version 26.0.0.126,codenamed York) (June 13, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 26 (version 26.0.0.131) (June 16, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 26 (version 26.0.0.137) (July 11, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 26 (version 26.0.0.151) (August 8, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 27 (version 27.0.0.130, codenamed Zoe) (September 12, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 27 (version 27.0.0.159) (October 10, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 27 (version 27.0.0.170)(October 16, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 27 (version 27.0.0.183) (October 25, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 27 (version 27.0.0.187) (November 14, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 28 (version 28.0.0.126, codenamed Atka) (December 12, 2017)
    • Adobe Flash Player 28 (version 28.0.0.137) (January 9, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 28 (version 28.0.0.161) (February 6, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 29 (version 29.0.0.113) (March 13,2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 29 (version 29.0.0.140) (April 10, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 29 (version 29.0.0.171) (May 8, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 30 (version 30.0.0.113) (June 7, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 30 (version 30.0.0.134) (July 10, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 30 (version 30.0.0.154) (August 14, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 31 (version 31.0.0.108) (September 11, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 31 (version31.0.0.122) (October 9, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 31 (version 31.0.0.148) (November 13, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.101) (December 5, 2018)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.114) (January 8, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.142) (February 12, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.156) (March 12, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.171) (April 9, 2019)
    • AdobeFlash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.192) (May 14, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.207) (June 11, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.223) (July 9, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.238) (August 13, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.255) (September 10, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.270) (October 9, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.293)(November 12, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.303) (December 10, 2019)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.314) (January 14, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.321) (January 21, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.330) (February 11, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.344) (March 10, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.363) (April 14, 2020)
    • AdobeFlash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.371) (May 12, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.387) (June 9, 2020)
      • Refuses to play Flash content after January 12, 2021, and instead displays a static warning message.
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.403) (July 14, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.414) (August 11, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.433) (September 8, 2020)
    • Adobe FlashPlayer 32 (version 32.0.0.445) (October 13, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.453) (November 10, 2020)
    • Adobe Flash Player 32 (version 32.0.0.465) (December 8, 2020)
      • Final global variant update.

    Seealso[edit]

    • Adobe AIR
    • Adobe Shockwave
    • Apache Flex
    • Microsoft Silverlight

    References[edit]

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  • READ More:  What are PODS used for?

    Furtherreading[edit]

    • Understanding Flash Player with Adobe Scout – an article discussing the internals of the player and theAdobe Scout profiling tool

    External links[edit]

    • Officialwebsite
    • Final global variant version of the standalone projector. at the Wayback Machine (archived April 1, 2022)
    • Archived Adobe Flash Player versions at the Wayback Machine (archived July 18, 2020)
    • Flash TesterArchived June 12, 2018, at the Wayback Machine (explains official old working version check)

    Additional Question — What is replacing Flash Player in 2020?

    Do any browsers still support Flash?

    Major web browsers do not currently support Adobe Flash Player. Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, and Google Chrome all fall under this category. Opera, Puffin, FlashFox, Dolphin, and Kiwi are a few lesser-known browsers that still support Flash.

    What has replaced Flash?

    8 Best Flash Player AlternativesLightspark Lightspark is a free, open-source flash player and browser plugin that you can use on Windows and Linux platforms Gnash source: gnu org Ruffle CheerpX for Flash BlueMaxima’s Flashpoint Supernova Player Lunaspace Flashfox Browser App

    How do I view Flash content 2022?

    Flashpoint is available for Windows, Mac, and Linux. Check out the official Flashpoint website. Choose the Flashpoint version you want to download, then do so. The download should finish soon. Stay calm. Install Flashpoint. the start of Flashpoint Choose the game you want to play. Close the game. Repeat if necessary for additional games.

    What will Chrome use instead of Flash?

    The most widely used web browser, Google Chrome, has a significant influence on the direction of web development. With their stance on Flash, they have compelled developers of Flash to grudgingly switch to HTML5.

    Is Adobe animate the replacement for Flash?

    Starting with the February 2016 release, Flash Professional has been renamed Adobe Animate This change more accurately represents Animate’s position as the premiere animation tool for the web and beyond

    What is Lightspark Flash Player?

    An open source Adobe Flash Player implementation, designed from the ground up to be efficient on current and (hopefully) future hardware Lightspark is an LGPLv3 licensed Flash player and browser plugin written in C++/C that runs on Linux and Windows It aims to support all of Adobe’s Flash formats

    Dannie Jarrod

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