What is a good conclusion starter sentence? : Concluding sentences can start out with phrases such as ‘In conclusion ,’ ‘Thus,’ and ‘For this reason ‘
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Just like the hook you use to draw readers in and the content in between, how you end a piece of writing matters . Your paper’s conclusion should start with a sentence or two alerting readers to the fact that the paper’s content is coming to an end. Review some examples of effective conclusion sentence starters so you can create suitable conclusions on your own.
When it’s time to bring your work to an end, it’s important to sum up the key points or concepts rather than simply stopping abruptly. Conclusion starters are transitional phrases that let readers know they have reached the final part of a document. Conclusion starters should:
- be just a few words that introduce the first sentence of the final paragraph orbrief concluding section
- let readers know that they have reached the beginning of the final section
- make readers aware that what they’re about to read won’t provide new information
- set readers expectations for how the work will be drawn to a close (such as a summary of main points, statement of need for additional research, or call to action)
Conclusion Starter Ideas for Essays and Speeches
Whether youre a student incollege, high school or middle school, chances are that you will be assigned to write quite a few essays and deliver many speeches or presentations When deciding how to end an essay or a speech, youll need to choose a conclusion starter thats appropriate for the overall tone
Examples of conclusion paragraph starter words and phrases include:
- all things considered
- given these points
- I feel we have no choice but to conclude
- in conclusion
- in drawing to a close
- in general
- in light of this information
- in my opinion
- in summary
- in the final analysis
- now that you know
- the logical conclusion seems to be
- to sum up
- upon considering all the facts
- upon exploring the situation from multiple perspectives
- what else can we conclude but that
- what other conclusion can we draw from
- when considered from the perspective of
- when faced with the question of
- with all this in mind
Sample Conclusion Starters for Research Papers
Since a research paper’s focus is onpresenting the findings of a particular study, the conclusion usually focuses on major findings and their implications. For academic research papers, it is generally expected that the paper will end with a call for additional research in the form of further study of a similar topic or to explore a relatedresearch question. The tone should be formal, taking into account the extent to which readers would be expected to have advanced knowledge of the subject matter.
Phrases you might use to start your research paper conclusion include:
- as a result
- as expected, the results indicate
- as indicated by the data
- based on the evidence presented
- basedon the results of this study, it seems
- based on what is known at this point in time
- data seem to indicate
- in light of these results
- in the context of x, it seems that
- in the final analysis
- surprisingly, the data revealed
- the data clearly indicate
- the data reveal
- the major revelation from this study is
- the results of this study demonstrate
- the results of this study seem to indicate
- toextrapolate from the data
- upon analyzing the data
- upon review of these findings
- what this study reveals is
- what we now know is
- while additional research is needed
- while further study is warranted
- while these results seem to indicate
- with results like these, it seems
Less Formal Conclusion Starter Examples
Some writing is much less formal than a research paper or school assignment, oryou may even get assigned to write an informal essay that calls for more of a personal touch than an academic tone. In such cases, you may want to opt for a conclusion starter with a more laid-back, conversational tone like these examples.
- after all has been said and done
- as I see things
- at the end of the day
- beyond a shadow of a doubt
- in a nutshell
- in case you’ve wondered
- in simple terms
- my personal take on
- on the whole
- the time has come
- to cut a long story short
- to cut to the chase
- to get to the heart of the matter
- to plainly state the facts
- to wrap this up
- what are we to think about
- what I believe to be true
- what it boils down to
- what I think is
- when all is said and done
- who knew that
- withoutall the mumbo jumbo
Build Your Conclusion Writing Expertise
What is a good conclusion example? : What must a conclusion example include? Any conclusion example must include a summary of the key ideas and the most important issues raised throughout the thesis or research paper This helps the reader to feel as though they completely understand the topic that they’ve been reading about
How do I write a conclusion for an essay? : Step 1: Restate Your Thesis Claim and Supporting EvidenceReread your introduction carefully to determine your paper’s main claim. Pay close attention to the examples you used to prove your point throughout the essay. Rephrase your thesis and briefly discuss the supporting details in your conclusion.
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Many people believe that writing an essay’s conclusion is the most challenging aspect. They are one of the most crucial components of a paper, though, as they offer insight and clarity into the subject.
In this article, we’ll explain how to write a conclusion, list the different types of conclusions, point out what to include and what to avoid when writing one and provide an outline and some examples of both effective and ineffective concluding paragraphs.
When to use a conclusion
Conclusions should be put to use anytime you are writing an essay, report or article that proposes or explores an idea, issue or event. This idea is referred to as a thesis statement and it provides the structure and motivation for the entire piece. In other words, it answers the “why.” A conclusion, on the other hand, addresses the “so what” by clarifying the point of the essay and offering the reader a solution, question or insight into the subject matter that reiterates why they should care.
How to write a conclusion
An effective conclusion is created by following these steps:
1. Restate the thesis
An effective conclusion brings the reader back to the main point, reminding the reader of the purpose of the essay. However, avoid repeating the thesis verbatim. Paraphrase your argument slightly while still preserving the primary point.
2. Reiterate supporting points
Aside from restating your thesis, you should also reiterate the points that you made tosupport it throughout the paper. But instead of simply repeating the paper’s arguments, summarize the ideas.
3. Make a connection between opening and closing statements
It’s often effective to return to the introduction’s themes, giving the reader a strong sense of conclusion. You can accomplish this by using similar concepts, returning to an original scenario or by including the same imagery.
4. Provide some insight
The reader should come away from your conclusion with a solution, an understanding, some questions for further research, or a call to action. You’ll want to address these types of questions here and give your audience something to ponder, such as what your argument’s implications are and why anyone should care.
Though different sources cite various types of conclusions, all of them serve one of these three primary functions:
Summarization: This style is often used when writing about technical subjects with a more clinical tone, such as surveys, definitions and reports. Because itparaphrases the major ideas of the essay, it is most often used in longer pieces where readers will need a reminder of the essay’s main points. As such, it should avoid reflexive references or subjective ideas (like “in my opinion” or “I feel”).
Editorialization: Editorialization is primarily used in essays where there is a controversial topic, a personal connection or an appeal to persuade the reader. This style incorporates the writer’s commentary about thesubject matter and often expresses their personal investment in the issue being discussed. This type of conclusion will use an anecdote and a conversational tone to draw attention to concerns, interpretations, personal beliefs, politics or feelings.
Externalization: Frequently used in essays that approach a particular issue that is a part of a much more complex subject, an externalized conclusion provides a transition into a related but separate topic that leadsreaders to further develop the discussion. In fact, it’s often thought of as a new introduction that includes another thesis entirely, allowing for development into another potential essay.
What to avoid
Here are a few things to avoid when writing your conclusion:
Avoid introducing the thesis, new ideas or evidence for the first time. If new points are made in your conclusion, take them out and try to incorporate them into one of the body paragraphs in youressay.
Make sure you are using a tone that is consistent with the rest of the paper.
Beginning the conclusion with phrases like “in closing,” “in summary” or “in conclusion” is somewhat redundant and unnecessary, so avoid using them.
What to include in a conclusion
A conclusion’s job is to reiterate the arguments and thesis of the essay. In other words, it provides a sense of closure and suggests that you have accomplished the goal of thepiece. Here are some key aspects to include in your conclusion to ensure its effectiveness:
End the essay on a positive note
Communicate the importance of your ideas and the subject matter
Provide the reader with a sense of closure
Reiterate and summarize your main points
Rephrase and then restate your thesis statement
Here is an example of an effective conclusion paragraph:
“Though there has been much debate on the subject, it is clear that democratic leadership is the best form of management for the modern workplace. This is made evident by the fact that over the course of the last century, employees have become increasingly more educated and competent. Additionally, there isa growing emphasis on independence, creativity and free thought, meaning that team members are realizing that they have something worthwhile to contribute that could provide a meaningful perspective. It is because of these reasons that democratic leadership, where input and conflicting opinions are welcome, should be adopted in a majority of organizations.”
This is an example of an ineffective conclusion:
“In conclusion, Abraham Lincoln was the bestpresident because he was really honest and abolished slavery.”
Here are some of the ways that this conclusion is lacking:
This example is too short. An effective conclusion will be a full paragraph that details the argument’s supporting points.
Though two supporting points are given, they are vague. An effective conclusion should cite concrete details.
Beginning a conclusion with a phrase like “in conclusion” is superfluous.
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So much is at stake in writing a conclusion. This is, after all, your last chance to persuade your readers to your point of view, to impress yourself upon them as a writer and thinker. And the impression you create in your conclusion will shape the impression that stays with your readers after they’ve finished the essay.
The end of an essay should therefore convey a sense of completeness and closure as well as a sense of the lingering possibilities of the topic, its larger meaning, its implications: the final paragraph should close the discussion without closing it off.
To establish a sense of closure, you might do one or more of the following:
- Conclude by linking the last paragraph to the first, perhaps by reiterating a word orphrase you used at the beginning.
- Conclude with a sentence composed mainly of one-syllable words. Simple language can help create an effect of understated drama.
- Conclude with a sentence that’s compound or parallel in structure; such sentences can establish a sense of balance or order that may feel just right at the end of a complex discussion.
To close the discussion without closing it off, you might do one ormore of the following:
- Conclude with a quotation from or reference to a primary or secondary source, one that amplifies your main point or puts it in a different perspective. A quotation from, say, the novel or poem you’re writing about can add texture and specificity to your discussion; a critic or scholar can help confirm or complicate your final point. For example, you might conclude an essay on the idea of home in James Joyce’s short storycollection, Dubliners, with information about Joyce’s own complex feelings towards Dublin, his home. Or you might end with a biographer’s statement about Joyce’s attitude toward Dublin, which could illuminate his characters’ responses to the city. Just be cautious, especially about using secondary material: make sure that you get the last word.
- Conclude by setting your discussion into a different, perhaps larger, context. For example, you might end an essay onnineteenth-century muckraking journalism by linking it to a current news magazine program like 60 Minutes.
- Conclude by redefining one of the key terms of your argument. For example, an essay on Marx’s treatment of the conflict between wage labor and capital might begin with Marx’s claim that the “capitalist economy is . . . a gigantic enterprise ofdehumanization”; the essay might end by suggesting that Marxist analysis is itself dehumanizing becauseit construes everything in economic — rather than moral or ethical– terms.
- Conclude by considering the implications of your argument (or analysis or discussion). What does your argument imply, or involve, or suggest? For example, an essay on the novel Ambiguous Adventure, by the Senegalese writer Cheikh Hamidou Kane, might open with the idea that the protagonist’s development suggests Kane’s belief in the need to integrate Western materialism and Sufispirituality in modern Senegal. The conclusion might make the new but related point that the novel on the whole suggests that such an integration is (or isn’t) possible.
Finally, some advice on how not to end an essay:
- Don’t simply summarize your essay. A brief summary of your argument may be useful, especially if your essay is long–more than ten pages or so. But shorter essays tend not to require a restatement of yourmain ideas.
- Avoid phrases like “in conclusion,” “to conclude,” “in summary,” and “to sum up.” These phrases can be useful–even welcome–in oral presentations. But readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the pages, when an essay is about to end. You’ll irritate your audience if you belabor the obvious.
- Resist the urge to apologize. If you’ve immersed yourself in your subject, you now know a good deal more about it than you can possibly includein a five- or ten- or 20-page essay. As a result, by the time you’ve finished writing, you may be having some doubts about what you’ve produced. (And if you haven’t immersed yourself in your subject, you may be feeling even more doubtful about your essay as you approach the conclusion.) Repress those doubts. Don’t undercut your authority by saying things like, “this is just one approach to the subject; there may be other, better approaches. . .”
Copyright 1998,Pat Bellanca, for the Writing Center at Harvard University
Additional Question — What is a good conclusion starter sentence?
How do you end a conclusion paragraph?
The conclusion paragraph should restate your thesis, summarize the key supporting ideas you discussed throughout the work, and offer your final impression on the central idea This final summation should also contain the moral of your story or a revelation of a deeper truth
How do you write a killer conclusion?
7 Tips to Write a Killer Conclusion (and Keep Your AudienceDefine your own takeaways Recognize the value of a conclusion’s placement Reiterate or establish your call to action Use simple language and leave a lasting impression Consider the skimmer Don’t conclude (the irony!)
How do you end an essay with no conclusion?
Double Word Substitutions for “In Conclusion”: all at once, as indicated, succinctly stated, in conclusion, in essence, in general, in short.
What can I say instead of in conclusion?
What Are Some Synonyms for “In Conclusion” in Formal Writing?
Overall, it may be said.
Taking everything into account.
On the whole.
In general, it can be said that.
With this in mind.
In the end.
Considering all this.
How do you write a conclude sentence?
– Restate the topic sentence in a new sentence type. – End the paragraph. – When indicating the paragraph’s conclusion, think about using transitional words. – Copy the topic sentence word for word.
How long should a conclusion be?
Not too long or too short is what you want. Typically, a strong conclusion paragraph has three to five sentences. This should allow you to briefly review your main themes and key concepts without being too condensed. The last thing your reader will recall about your essay is its conclusion.
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