What does Japji Sahib meaning?

What does Japji Sahib meaning? : At the outset of the Sikhs’ sacred text , the Guru Granth Sahib, is the Japji Sahib (Punjabi: (Gurmukhi)), which is the Sikh thesis . It was written by Guru Angad and contains primarily the writings of Sikhism’s founder, Guru Nanak.
Is Japji Sahib morning? : Every morning, people recite the Japji, which Guru Nanak wrote and appears at the start of the Guru Granth Sahib. Evening prayers include the Rehras, a prayer of gratitude.
What is the difference between Jaap Sahib and Japji Sahib? : The Jaap Sahib, unlike Japji Sahib, is composed in Braj bhasha, Sanskrit and Arabic, and with 199 stanzas, is longer than Japji Sahib. The Jaap Sahib is, like Japji Sahib, a praise of God as the unchanging, loving, unborn, ultimate power.

Read Detail Answer On What is the difference between Jaap Sahib and Japji Sahib?

Japji Sahib (Punjabi: ਜਪੁਜੀ ਸਾਹਿਬ (Gurmukhi)) is the Sikh thesis, that appears at the beginning of the Guru Granth Sahib – the scripture of theSikhs. It was composed by Guru Angad, and is mostly the writings of Guru Nanak the founder of Sikhism. It begins withMool Mantra and then follow 38 paudis (stanzas) and completed with a final Salok by Guru Angad at the end of thiscomposition.[1] The 38 stanzas are in different poetic meters.[2]

Japji Sahib is the first composition of Guru Nanak, and is considered the comprehensive essence ofSikhism.[1] Expansion and elaboration of Japji Sahib is the entire Guru Granth Sahib. It is first Bani inNitnem. Notable is Nanak’s discourse on ‘what is true worship’ and what is the nature of God’.[3][4] According to Christopher Shackle, it is designed for “individual meditativerecitation” and as the first item of daily devotional prayer for the devout.[2] It is a chant found in the morning and evening prayers in Sikh gurdwaras.[5] It is also chanted in the Sikhtradition at the Khalsa initiation ceremony and during the cremation ceremony.[1]

Japa (Sanskrit: जप) means the recitation of a mantra. The Sanskrit word japa is derived from the root jap-, meaning “to utter in a low voice,repeat internally, mutter”.[7][8]

Following are some accepted meanings of Jap:

  • A conventional meaning for Jap(u) is to recite, to repeat, or tochant.[3]
  • Jap also means to understand. Gurbani cites Aisa Giaan Japo Man Mere, Hovo Chakar Sache Kere, where the word Jap means to understand wisdom.[9]

Content[edit]

The Japji Sahib’s first stanza or pauri states that one cannot be cleaned or stay clean by repeatedly taking bath at holy sites as the thoughts are not clean, by silence alone one cannot find peace as the thoughts come one after another in our mind, by food and all material gainsalone one cannot satisfy one’s hunger, to be purified one must abide in love of the divine.[10] Hymn 2 asserts that by God’s command the ups and downs in life happen, it is He who causes suffering and happiness, it is He whose command brings release from rebirth, and it is His command by which one lives in perpetual cycles of rebirth fromkarma.[10][11]

With good karmas in past life and his grace is the gate tomukti (liberation); in him is everything, states verse 4.[10] The verse 5 states that He has endless virtues, so one must sing His name, listen, and keep the love for Him in one’sheart.[10][12] The Guru’s shabda (word) is the protecting sound and wisdom of the Vedas, the Guru isShiva, Vishnu (Gorakh) and Brahma, and the Guru is mother Parvati andLakshmi.[13][14] All living beings abide in Him. Verse 6 to 15 describe the value of listening to the word and having faith, for it is the faith thatliberates.[11] God is formless and indescribable, state verses 16 to 19.[14] It is remembering His name that cleanses, liberates states Hymn 20. Hymns 21 through 27 revere the nature and name of God, stating that man’s life is like a riverthat does not know the vastness of ocean it journeys to join, that all literature from Vedas to Puranas speak of Him, Brahma speaks, Siddhas speak, Yogi speaks, Shiva speaks, the silent sages speak, the Buddha speaks, the Krishna speaks, the humble Sewadars speak, yet one cannot describe Him completely with all the words in theworld.[11][15]

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Verse 30 states that He watches all, but none can see Him. God is the primal one, the pure light, without beginning, without end, the never changing constant, states Hymn31.[16]

Japji Sahib and Jaap Sahib[edit]

The Guru Granth Sahib starts with Japji Sahib, whileDasam Granth starts with Jaap Sahib.[1] Guru Nanak is credited with the former, while Guru Gobind Singh is credited with thelatter.[1] Jaap Sahib is structured as a stotra that are commonly found in 1st millennium CE Hindu literature. The Jaap Sahib, unlike the Japji Sahib, is composed predominantly in Braj-Hindi and the Sanskrit language, with a few Arabic and Persian words, and with 199 stanzas making it longer than JapjiSahib.[1] The Jaap Sahib is, like Japji Sahib, in praise of God as the unchanging, loving, unborn, ultimate power and includes within it 950 names of God,[1] starting with Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu and moving on to over 900 names and avatars of gods and goddesses found in Hindu traditions, with the assertion that these are all manifestations of the One, the limitless eternal creator.[6] This is similar to Sahasranama texts ofIndia, and for this reason this part is also called as Akal Sahasranama.[6] The text includes Arabic and Persian words for God such as Khuda and Allah. The Japu Sahib includes a mention of God as wielder of weapons, consistent with the martial spirit of DasamGranth.[1]

References[edit]

  • ^a b c de f g hi HS Singha (2009), The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, Hemkunt Press, ISBN 978-8170103011, page 110
  • ^ a b Christopher Shackle (2014). Pashaura Singh and Louis Fenech (ed.).The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies. Oxford University Press. pp. 111–112. ISBN 978-0-19-969930-8.
  • ^ a b S Deol (1998), Japji: The Path of Devotional Meditation, ISBN 978-0-9661027-0-3, page 11
  • ^ B Singh and GP Singh (2007), Japji, Hemkunt Press, ISBN 81-7010-182-4, pages 17–42
  • ^ W.O. Cole; Piara Singh Sambhi (2016).Sikhism and Christianity: A Comparative Study. Springer. p. 123. ISBN 978-1-349-23049-5.
  • ^ a b c Amarjit Singh (1985), Concept of God in Jap Sahib, Studies in Sikhism andComparative Religion, Volume 4, pages 84-102
  • ^ Teeuwen, Mark (2013). Buddhism and Nativism: Framing Identity Discourse in Buddhist Environments. Brill. pp. 198, 216. ISBN 9789004255685. japa: Sanskrit for Vedicmurmurings
  • ^ Apte, V.S. (1998). The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary. p. 447. ISBN 9788120815681.
  • ^ Nihang, Dharam Singh. Naad Ved Vichar (in Punjabi). India. p. 20. ਐਸਾ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਜਪਹੁ ਮਨ ਮੇਰੇ।। ਹੋਵਹੁ ਚਾਕਰ ਸਾਚੇ ਕੇਰੇ (ਪੰਨਾ੭੨੮)
  • ^ ab c d S Deol (1998), Japji: The Path of Devotional Meditation,ISBN 978-0966102703, page 29-32
  • ^ ab c Kamaljeet Singh Dogra (2006), Prayer at Dawn, Trafford, ISBN 978-1-4251-0237-1, pages 17–61
  • ^ B Singh and GP Singh (2007), Japji, Hemkunt Press, ISBN 81-7010-182-4, pages 26–29
  • ^ Pashaura Singh (2000), The Guru Granth Sahib: Canon, Meaning and Authority, Oxford University Press,ISBN 978-0-19-564894-2, pages 249–250
  • ^ ab S Deol (1998), Japji: The Path of Devotional Meditation, ISBN 978-0-9661027-0-3, pages 32–39
  • ^ S Deol (1998), Japji: The Path of Devotional Meditation, ISBN 978-0-9661027-0-3, pages 38–53
  • ^ Kamaljeet Singh Dogra (2006), Prayer at Dawn, Trafford, ISBN 978-1-4251-0237-1, pages 67–93
  • External links[edit]

    • Japji Sahib Bani in Punjabi
    • JapjiSahib Bani in Hindi
    What is Pauri of Japji? : The word “pauri” means “step,” as on a staircase. It is taught that Japji starts from God and comes to earth. There are five elements or “tattvas” of which all matter is composed—earth, air, fire, water and ether.
    Read Detail Answer On What is Pauri of Japji?

    Japji Sahib (Punjabi: ਜਪੁਜੀ ਸਾਹਿਬ (Gurmukhi)) is the Sikh thesis, that appears at the beginning of the Guru Granth Sahib – the scripture of theSikhs. It was composed by Guru Angad, and is mostly the writings of Guru Nanak the founder of Sikhism. It begins withMool Mantra and then follow 38 paudis (stanzas) and completed with a final Salok by Guru Angad at the end of thiscomposition.[1] The 38 stanzas are in different poetic meters.[2]

    Japji Sahib is the first composition of Guru Nanak, and is considered the comprehensive essence ofSikhism.[1] Expansion and elaboration of Japji Sahib is the entire Guru Granth Sahib. It is first Bani inNitnem. Notable is Nanak’s discourse on ‘what is true worship’ and what is the nature of God’.[3][4] According to Christopher Shackle, it is designed for “individual meditativerecitation” and as the first item of daily devotional prayer for the devout.[2] It is a chant found in the morning and evening prayers in Sikh gurdwaras.[5] It is also chanted in the Sikhtradition at the Khalsa initiation ceremony and during the cremation ceremony.[1]

    Japa (Sanskrit: जप) means the recitation of a mantra. The Sanskrit word japa is derived from the root jap-, meaning “to utter in a low voice,repeat internally, mutter”.[7][8]

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    Following are some accepted meanings of Jap:

    • A conventional meaning for Jap(u) is to recite, to repeat, or tochant.[3]
    • Jap also means to understand. Gurbani cites Aisa Giaan Japo Man Mere, Hovo Chakar Sache Kere, where the word Jap means to understand wisdom.[9]

    Content[edit]

    The Japji Sahib’s first stanza or pauri states that one cannot be cleaned or stay clean by repeatedly taking bath at holy sites as the thoughts are not clean, by silence alone one cannot find peace as the thoughts come one after another in our mind, by food and all material gainsalone one cannot satisfy one’s hunger, to be purified one must abide in love of the divine.[10] Hymn 2 asserts that by God’s command the ups and downs in life happen, it is He who causes suffering and happiness, it is He whose command brings release from rebirth, and it is His command by which one lives in perpetual cycles of rebirth fromkarma.[10][11]

    With good karmas in past life and his grace is the gate tomukti (liberation); in him is everything, states verse 4.[10] The verse 5 states that He has endless virtues, so one must sing His name, listen, and keep the love for Him in one’sheart.[10][12] The Guru’s shabda (word) is the protecting sound and wisdom of the Vedas, the Guru isShiva, Vishnu (Gorakh) and Brahma, and the Guru is mother Parvati andLakshmi.[13][14] All living beings abide in Him. Verse 6 to 15 describe the value of listening to the word and having faith, for it is the faith thatliberates.[11] God is formless and indescribable, state verses 16 to 19.[14] It is remembering His name that cleanses, liberates states Hymn 20. Hymns 21 through 27 revere the nature and name of God, stating that man’s life is like a riverthat does not know the vastness of ocean it journeys to join, that all literature from Vedas to Puranas speak of Him, Brahma speaks, Siddhas speak, Yogi speaks, Shiva speaks, the silent sages speak, the Buddha speaks, the Krishna speaks, the humble Sewadars speak, yet one cannot describe Him completely with all the words in theworld.[11][15]

    Verse 30 states that He watches all, but none can see Him. God is the primal one, the pure light, without beginning, without end, the never changing constant, states Hymn31.[16]

    Japji Sahib and Jaap Sahib[edit]

    The Guru Granth Sahib starts with Japji Sahib, whileDasam Granth starts with Jaap Sahib.[1] Guru Nanak is credited with the former, while Guru Gobind Singh is credited with thelatter.[1] Jaap Sahib is structured as a stotra that are commonly found in 1st millennium CE Hindu literature. The Jaap Sahib, unlike the Japji Sahib, is composed predominantly in Braj-Hindi and the Sanskrit language, with a few Arabic and Persian words, and with 199 stanzas making it longer than JapjiSahib.[1] The Jaap Sahib is, like Japji Sahib, in praise of God as the unchanging, loving, unborn, ultimate power and includes within it 950 names of God,[1] starting with Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu and moving on to over 900 names and avatars of gods and goddesses found in Hindu traditions, with the assertion that these are all manifestations of the One, the limitless eternal creator.[6] This is similar to Sahasranama texts ofIndia, and for this reason this part is also called as Akal Sahasranama.[6] The text includes Arabic and Persian words for God such as Khuda and Allah. The Japu Sahib includes a mention of God as wielder of weapons, consistent with the martial spirit of DasamGranth.[1]

    References[edit]

  • ^a b c de f g hi HS Singha (2009), The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, Hemkunt Press, ISBN 978-8170103011, page 110
  • ^ a b Christopher Shackle (2014). Pashaura Singh and Louis Fenech (ed.).The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies. Oxford University Press. pp. 111–112. ISBN 978-0-19-969930-8.
  • ^ a b S Deol (1998), Japji: The Path of Devotional Meditation, ISBN 978-0-9661027-0-3, page 11
  • ^ B Singh and GP Singh (2007), Japji, Hemkunt Press, ISBN 81-7010-182-4, pages 17–42
  • ^ W.O. Cole; Piara Singh Sambhi (2016).Sikhism and Christianity: A Comparative Study. Springer. p. 123. ISBN 978-1-349-23049-5.
  • ^ a b c Amarjit Singh (1985), Concept of God in Jap Sahib, Studies in Sikhism andComparative Religion, Volume 4, pages 84-102
  • ^ Teeuwen, Mark (2013). Buddhism and Nativism: Framing Identity Discourse in Buddhist Environments. Brill. pp. 198, 216. ISBN 9789004255685. japa: Sanskrit for Vedicmurmurings
  • ^ Apte, V.S. (1998). The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary. p. 447. ISBN 9788120815681.
  • ^ Nihang, Dharam Singh. Naad Ved Vichar (in Punjabi). India. p. 20. ਐਸਾ ਗਿਆਨੁ ਜਪਹੁ ਮਨ ਮੇਰੇ।। ਹੋਵਹੁ ਚਾਕਰ ਸਾਚੇ ਕੇਰੇ (ਪੰਨਾ੭੨੮)
  • ^ ab c d S Deol (1998), Japji: The Path of Devotional Meditation,ISBN 978-0966102703, page 29-32
  • ^ ab c Kamaljeet Singh Dogra (2006), Prayer at Dawn, Trafford, ISBN 978-1-4251-0237-1, pages 17–61
  • ^ B Singh and GP Singh (2007), Japji, Hemkunt Press, ISBN 81-7010-182-4, pages 26–29
  • ^ Pashaura Singh (2000), The Guru Granth Sahib: Canon, Meaning and Authority, Oxford University Press,ISBN 978-0-19-564894-2, pages 249–250
  • ^ ab S Deol (1998), Japji: The Path of Devotional Meditation, ISBN 978-0-9661027-0-3, pages 32–39
  • ^ S Deol (1998), Japji: The Path of Devotional Meditation, ISBN 978-0-9661027-0-3, pages 38–53
  • ^ Kamaljeet Singh Dogra (2006), Prayer at Dawn, Trafford, ISBN 978-1-4251-0237-1, pages 67–93
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    External links[edit]

    • Japji Sahib Bani in Punjabi
    • JapjiSahib Bani in Hindi

    Additional Question — What does Japji Sahib meaning?

    How can I learn japji?

    First of all , let me wish you best in you endeavorJapji saheb is a gatepass to Sachkhand and every sikh should make all efforts to by heart it with the grace of the Guru Ji.Start with Ardaas to Guru Nanak Dev Ji.
    Read japji saheb daily from gutka saheb.
    Take one pauri,repeat it mutiple times in a week.
    A.

    How long is Japji Sahib?

    In total it has 5,894 Shabads (line compositions) written in 60 Ragas (rhythm & poetic meters). The Granth has 1,430 pages out of which pages 1-8 are Japji Sahib. The mool mantra of Japji Sahib encapsulates the entire Sikh theology and thus Guru Granth Sahib is essentially an amplification of this mool mantra.

    How many Pauri are there in Sukhmani Sahib?

    Sukhmani Sahib (Punjabi: ਸੁਖਮਨੀ ਸਾਹਿਬ) is usually translated to mean Prayer of Peace is a set of 192 padas (stanzas of 10 hymns) present in the holy Guru Granth Sahib, the main scripture and living Guru of Sikhism from Ang 262 to Ang 296 (about 35 count).

    How many Pauri are there in Anand Sahib?

    Anand Sahib is chanted at all the religious ceremonies of the Sikhs irrespective of the nature of the event. There are two versions of Anand Sahib: one which extends 40 pauries and one shorter version often called Chhota Anand Sahib which comprises the first five pauries and then skips to the last one.

    How many hymns are there in Japji Sahib?

    The Japji Sahib consists of the Mool Mantra as the beginning followed by 38 hymns and a final Salok at the end of this composition. The Japji Sahib appears at the very beginning of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, the Guru as well as Holy Book of the Sikhs.

    Who wrote Ardas sahib?

    Ardas is attributed to Guru Gobind Singh, the founder of the Khalsa and the 10th Guru of Sikhism.

    What is first Pauri of Japji Sahib?

    The First Pauri contains the total knowledge and ecstasy of God. The second half is an antidote to depression. It will lift you from depression, insecurity, nightmares, and loss.

    What comes after Japji Sahib?

    Morning Prayers As per the Sikh Code of Conduct, Sikhs are only required to recite Japji Sahib, Jaap Sahib, & the Ten Sawayyas in the morning. Many Sikhs, including those who follow the lifestyle of the Damdami Taksal & AKJ, believe that Chaupai Sahib & Anand Sahib are also required in the morning prayers.

    Can we do japji sahib in evening?

    If you are a beginner and don’t have time to recite Shri Japuji Sahib in the morning. It is okay to recite it in the evening. Reading gurbani is not a sin, it doesn’t matter when you read it.

    Who is the 10 guru of Sikh?

    The 10th Sikh Guru name is Guru Gobind Singh was the last of the human Sikh gurus. He was born in 1666 and was the son of Guru Tegh Bahadur.

    What is the Amrit Vela time?

    In the SPGC Sikh Rehat Maryada it is written to arise in the Amrit Velā, bath, and meditate on the divine Naam (through Simran and Naam Japna). Here, Amrit Vela is defined as “three hours before the dawn”. Sikhs recite their morning Nitnem during Amrit vela.

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