How To Learn Programming? Six Crucial Steps & Some Necessary Tips

 Programming is a relatively new skill that is becoming extremely prevalent. As a result, even some high schools have included programming in their coursework.

If you want to devote yourself to that field, there are some steps you need to take:

  • Step 1: Pick programming languages
  • Step 2: Start small
  • Step 3: Create your first program
  • Step 4: Practice regularly
  • Step 5: Expand your knowledge
  • Step 6: Apply your skills

This article explains the method to learn programming in more detail. We also suggest some tips and some reputable online platforms to help you in your study. Let’s read on to discover!

What Is Programming?

Programming is the act of creating commands for the machine to execute.

Many programmers regard programming to be more developed than coding. Others, on the other hand, have used both terms interchangeably.

The algorithms and data structures are much more crucial in programming. Some of the coding languages like CSS or HTML don’t utilize any data structures or algorithms. Meanwhile, popular programming languages such as C++ or Java employ them considerably.

Why Should You Learn Programming?

Programming has become more and more popular these days. Here are some reasons for this trend:

Job opportunities

Programmers are in great demand since the use of electronic devices rises year by year.

There are many jobs to choose from. Once you’ve studied programming, you can be a software developer, web developer, or system analyst.

A computer engineer also stays among the most well-paid jobs in the world. No more worries about your career path.

How To Learn Programming


Computer developers often can work online since the task simply requires a tech device with an internet connection.

Programming is a commonly sought-after occupation for those who wish to balance family and work life. Moreover, if you think that traveling is a waste of time, a remote job is ideal. It also helps people apply for jobs all over the country without relocating or bothering about the company’s position.

A combination of creativity and skills

Programming is one of the few jobs that enable you to employ both your creative and technical abilities. It aims at discovering and fixing issues.

Nevertheless, the difficulties aren’t always the same. As a result, you’ll be able to fix them. So we can say that programming is both a challenging and fascinating job.


Numerous programmers ultimately choose to work by themselves. Programming skills allow you to start your own company.

The startup may include managing an online marketplace, establishing your website design business, designing mobile apps, and many other alternatives. The options are limitless.

How To Learn Programming?

Mastering programming requires lots of time and effort. Follow these instructions to plan your journey. Students should pick best laptop for programming before start.

Step 1: Pick programming languages

Language is the most fundamental principle of programming. There are some factors you need to consider:

Your interest

If you like to work in web design, there are more languages to learn than computer programs.

Creating mobile apps needs a distinct variety of characteristics than computer programming.

All of those choices will have a strong influence on your journey.

Start with simple language

Whatever you choose, you should start with more accessible languages. Ruby and Python are the most popular choices in this group. Both of them are object-oriented web app languages with syntax highlighting.

You need to choose a programming language first

 Step 2: Start from small things

Don’t try to learn everything at the same time. You need to take it step by step and start with simple things.

Basic concepts of a programming language

Basic principles are present in every computer programming language. Here are some basic concepts you need to know:

  • Variables: These are a method of storing and referencing variable bits of data. Variables usually have names that are recognizable to a user while programming.
  • Conditional Statements: A conditional statement determines whether or not procedures are in place.
  • Subroutines or Functions: A subroutine is a minor program within a broader agenda. The program may run a function repeatedly, enabling the programmer to build complex applications quickly.
  • Data input: This concept entails interpreting the user’s inputs and also saving them. The software and the inputs given to the user decide how the data is obtained.

Install some important software

Compilers are necessary for numerous programming languages. Such programs are capable of translating the code into a computer-readable language. Other computer programming languages, like Python, utilize a translator to run programs without compiling them beforehand.

Some languages feature IDEs, including a compiler, an interpreter, a debugger, and a code editor. This feature allows the programmer to execute all of his tasks in one location.

Meanwhile, some languages are lacking IDEs. You can find the code editors on the internet. These applications also provide a variety of syntax highlighting choices and other user-friendly features.

Install some necessary software

 Step 3: Create your first program

Once you know the basic principles, try to make your program. The instructions below can help.

Learn from online examples

For almost all programming languages, there are countless code samples available online. Study how significant elements of the language function and how different sections relate using these samples. Construct your own programs by combining techniques from other examples.

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Understand the syntax

The syntax indicates the computer programming method in which the compiler can understand the language. Although the process may be standard throughout many different languages, each language has a specific syntax.

To understand the process of the programming language, you must first understand the syntax.

Try some changes in the examples

Make some changes to sample programs and then perform the tests and see what happens. Experimenting instead of reading a guidebook can help you understand what can work and what can’t. The ability to detect and correct mistakes is an essential part of every development.

Practice debugging

When you’re coding, you’ll probably run across the bugs. These are program issues that might occur in a bunch of locations. Bugs can range from simple inconveniences to severe problems that prevent the application from compiling or functioning.

Finding and resolving these problems is an essential part of computer programming. Get used to it as soon as possible.

Try to write some programs

 Step 4: Practice regularly

Learning a computer programming language requires patience. Even with a simple language, you still need a long time to master it. Practice is the best way to improve your skill.

Set goals

You can start fixing problems and thinking about the solutions if you set some goals. Choose a simple application and create an approach for implementing it. Use the syntax you’ve been studying for real-world cases.

Read programs from another developer

There are also several programming groups specialized in specific languages or fields. Joining a community can allow you to learn more effectively. You’ll have access to a wide range of samples and resources as well.

Studying the code of other programmers can motivate you and assist you in comprehending things you haven’t yet learned.

Step 5: Expand your knowledge

The knowledge in computer programming is vast. Programmers should keep on studying to enhance their skills. Here are some ways that work.

Training courses

Programming conferences are available at many universities. You don’t need to enroll in those universities to join. These workshops are great ways for novices. You may get hands-on instruction from a professional programmer and connect with some other programmers.

Study logic and math

Fundamental arithmetic is necessary for most programming. This idea is highly critical if you’re running on sophisticated simulations with a lot of algorithms.

You wouldn’t need many sophisticated maths. But learning logic, particularly computer logic, will assist you in determining how to handle complex problem solutions in more advanced technologies.

Try some different  languages

Understanding several languages is advantageous to many programmers’ success. Their second languages are generally complementary to their first, enabling them to create more complicated programs. It could be reasonable to start acquiring a new application once you’ve conquered the first one.

Step 6: Apply your skills

It’s time to join the workforce with your programming ability.

Design your portfolio

Remember to store all your greatest works in a portfolio. You will send this portfolio to potential employers as a representation of your work.

Take some freelance jobs

Programmers have a flourishing freelancing industry. To acquire a feel for how business software engineering operates, try on a few modest freelancing jobs. Sometimes, freelancing employment can assist you in creating your portfolio and refer to publications.

It’s time to work

 Pros and Cons of Different Ways To Learn Computer Programming

There are numerous methods to learn software engineering. However, only some of them suit you.


Many people assume that programming books are out of date. However, some of the books are the updated versions. Don’t underrate the importance of a book.

Most books are available as ebooks on Amazon. Alternatively, you may have them physically shipped to you.

  • The information you’re obtaining is accurate. If you’re still not sure, check the reviews.
  • Books are typically comprehensive instructions on their topics, including everything that you should know.
  • There are many books available on every subject and programming language.
  • When the content in the book changes, it can’t update automatically.


This strategy entails testing programming techniques on your own. Learning by doing has some advantages and disadvantages.

  • You may ensure that you comprehend each concept completely.
  • Learning through doing enables you to get a real sense of what it’s like to write code. You’ll experience the coding process as a result.
  • It’s not easy to grasp every concept right away. This technique may be quite stressful when you have to create code without understanding what you’re doing.

Video tutorials

When it comes to video classes for computer programming, there are two primary forms to choose from. The first one is an introductory video with a teacher explaining his program while executing it. The second type is a mix of video recording and face-to-face interaction.

Video tutorials are popular methods of learning


  • A test isn’t usually available with video instruction. As a result, you can’t constantly evaluate if you’ve understood the ideas properly.

Text-based websites

Text-based websites are also a great way to practice. Some of the lessons are step-by-step. Meanwhile, others use a more reference-oriented strategy.

  • There are a variety of sites that offer text tutorials. It’s not difficult to find one.
  • You can read the materials carefully and feel free to turn back when necessary.
  • Due to the vast amount and simplicity to join, there are many sub-standard and old lessons.
  • Because you aren’t always practicing with programming tutorials, the learning process may not remain.

Challenges and games

Code games and challenges are a different type of tutorial but more enjoyable. There are many sources available on the internet.

This category contains everything from coding challenges on discussion forums to full-fledged challenges.

  • Code games and challenges are ideal if you’re getting bored and want to have some extra fun.
  • Other programmers are working on the same task. As a result, you can observe all of their approaches and perspectives.
  • You can meet up with lots of other like-minded programmers for the same purpose.
  • You might limit your coding learning aids. As a result, you’re unlikely to receive a comprehensive understanding of software engineering.
  • This style may potentially be disturbing to specific individuals.

Workshop or class

The typical method of learning code is to join a computer programming workshop or class in person. The advantages outweigh the disadvantages in this case.

  • You can interact directly with the teacher. It’s easier to ask some questions.
  • You’ll get to know more programmers who are your classmates.
  • You can ask for help more quickly.
  • Classes offer comprehensive guides to their fields.
  • Programming can be more enjoyable.
  • You can’t go back to a specific lesson like you do with online courses.
  • It’s not simple to find the appropriate class.

Join a class to learn


Coding a real project

Developing a website may seem daunting at first. Yet, it’s not that difficult. You only need to come up with a few computer programming ideas, pick one, and start writing.

  • You can gain much more from an actual project than a lesson. The knowledge will remain with you then.
  • Not only do you get a feeling of what actual computer programming is like, but you also get a feel of what it’s like to accomplish projects.
  • You won’t be capable of achieving much if you have a solid base in the computer programming language you’ll be employing.

Tips For Learning Programming

You have known the crucial steps in learning programming. To speed up your performance, you can follow some tips below:

Grasp the basic principles

Students who hurry through the initial few stages are frequently the first ones to become stuck. The curriculum in most courses progresses from the most fundamental to the most sophisticated.

So, before you skip your first sessions, remember that you’re missing the most critical point in your schooling.

Code by hand

Popular programming languages are getting more powerful. However, learning to code by hand is still one of the best ways for coding learning. Coding with your hand necessitates greater caution, accuracy, and intention behind each code line.

You can’t execute a hand-written program halfway to check if the code is accurate, as you do on your computer. This constraint will shape you into a much more tactical developer, although it may take more time.

Coding by hand is beneficial
Close up view of african left-handed businessman writing in notebook, american male hands holding pen making notes planning new appointments information in organizer personal paper planner at desk

 Tinker with sample codes

Simply reading the code is never enough. You should run the program and tinker with the code to gain a deep understanding.

It is, however, challenging to build from scratch. Comprehending is not the same as just reading. Starting to develop the code manually, or at the very least testing it can significantly speed up your learning process.

Best Places To Learn Programming Online?

You could be a beginner when it comes to programming. Don’t worry! You may begin by self-teaching with all of the free online courses.


One of the most famous free programming sites for novices is Codecademy. You may learn to write programs and other technical expertise on the platform.

Interactive learning is at the core of Codecademy. All you have to do is to read a little bit, put your program in the browser, and wait for the outcome.


With its competent and diverse course content, Coursera appears to be one of the top sites for programming. The site gives a considerable learning library with actual university professors teaching the classes.

Coursera is the famous platform for education

 The courses are free, but you can pay for a “Verified Certificate” to demonstrate that you finished them. The fee for the certificate might sometimes allow you access to content that isn’t accessible in the free programs.

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Coursera also includes “Specializations” for some specialized courses.


Codewars is an exciting and different approach to learn how to program. The curriculum focuses on tasks known as “kata,” which have a martial arts concept.

To earn credit and move to higher levels, you have to finish the basic programming classes. Codewars is a great place to learn to code online!

Admittedly, it’s a lot easier to study programming for beginners if you love it.

GA Dash

This site is the free online course provided by the General Assembly. It’s about the projects. With each session, you’ll build a project. This approach is excellent for those who want to practice while still learning.

They’re one of the only public learn-to-code sources with a tutorial on creating a Tumblr design from the bottom up.


edX is run by Harvard and MIT. This site is open-source for higher learning.

edX is a top-notch platform to learn to code for free. Under the “computer science” section, the website has over 600 excellent programs that teach various programming languages.

It’s one of the greatest sites to learn to program for free because it includes programs from world-class institutions.

MIT OpenCourseWare

Although enrollment to MIT is competitive, getting their course materials online is accessible and does not need an SAT score.

They have an online database of every topic they offer. There is no need to log in to view it. All you have to do is look for a lesson and begin reading the content.

In other words, you can learn programming at MIT for free.


SoloLearn is a social learning system that allows everyone to learn how to code. It differs from some other free programming courses in that it is mobile-based. You can learn coding on the move with any device once you access SoloLearn.

Learning to program turns out to be more enjoyable with bite-sized programming tutorials and interactive tests. It’s also free to download.


They aim to motivate individuals to be programmers by keeping programming accessible, inexpensive, and enjoyable. They have over 200 technological themes to choose from.

This free online coding site has everything you’ve ever wanted to know about programming for beginners.

What Can You Do When Getting Stuck?

There must be times when you get stuck while working on the tasks or facing difficulties in your study. Keep your motivation, and don’t give up. Try some methods below to continue your work.


Google is a fundamental technique that you should master. Looking up and finding the problem in your code will help you resolve it quickly.

Before searching on Google, place the error in double-quotes. This approach enables Google to identify the mistake as the exact phrase. The filtered answer will then be significantly more accurate.

Popular Websites

Reddit and Stack-Overflow are the top choices for assisting any web developer in the world with their programs.

It’s a community of developers from different fortes who come together with others with their projects. It may take up to two weeks for anyone to reply to your questions if you ask them here. Yet, the waiting is worth it.

However, many others have experienced the same problem before. You may already know the correct answer to your problem. It’s also advisable that you reply to some of the topics which you can to assist others.

Reddit is a widespread forum

 Meetups and events

This technique may be hard to start. It necessitates moving outside of the comfort zone. However, once you get started, you will find it exciting.

So, begin by identifying people who share your passions and getting to know or cooperating with them. You might look for “coding events” on Facebook’s group page or go to some meetup site.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is it difficult to learn programming?

Yes. Learning to program computers entails mastering various programming languages. It is not simple to master immediately, much like studying any other foreign language. However, making significant progress in a short time is still possible.

2. Is it necessary to understand computer science before I begin coding?

Learning the fundamentals of computer science before starting to code is the answer to your issues. To see extensive results, you simply need to understand some basic concepts in computer science. Then your learning of coding becomes much more straightforward.

3. Can I learn programming by myself?

Yes. You don’t need to join actual classes to learn programming. There are many free online courses and video programming tutorials to assist your studying.


We have shared some methods on how to learn programming. The most critical factor in learning to program faster is to maintain your confidence. You can fail several times. The programming journey takes a lot of effort and time for you to become an expert. And if you have any doubts, remember that all coders have been down this road before.

Hopefully, you will find this article helpful. If you have any questions, please feel free to ask. Thank you for reading.


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